United States Census, Slave Schedule, 1850 - FamilySearch Historical Records
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United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|US Flag 1848-1851|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Slave Schedules|
|Record Group||RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census|
|Microfilm Publication||M432. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850.|
|Arrangement||Arrange alphabetically by state, and by county or parish.|
|National Archives Identifier||598246|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Known Issues
- 7 Citing This Collection
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. The slave schedules were microfilmed along with the population schedules are and part of NARA microfilm publication M432 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 in Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:
- Alabama, rolls 17-24
- Arkansas, roll 32
- Delaware, roll 55
- District of Columbia, roll 57
- Florida, roll 60
- Georgia, rolls 88-96
- Kentucky, rolls 223-228
- Louisiana, rolls 242-247
- Maryland, rolls 300-302
- Mississippi, rolls 383-390
- Missouri, rolls 422-424
- North Carolina, rolls 650-656
- South Carolina, rolls 861-868
- Tennessee, rolls 902-907
- Texas, rolls 917--918
- Utah Territory
- Virginia, rolls 983-993
Slave schedules are not available for other states.
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
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To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Name of slave owner
- Number of slaves owned
- Age, gender, and color of slave
- If slave is a fugitive, from what state
- Has slave been emancipated
- Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Image[edit | edit source]
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of the slave owner
- The age of the slave
- The state where the slave may have lived
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
View the Images[edit | edit source]
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page
- Select State
- Select County
- Select Township or other division of county to view the images.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Add any new information to your records
- Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
- Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the United States.
Related FamilySearch Historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]
Known Issues[edit | edit source]
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.