Union County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Union County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Union County, Ohio
Map
Boundary map of Union County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Courthouse
Union County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Union County Courthouse
5th and Court Streets
Marysville, Ohio 43040
Union County Website



Union County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1820 1867 1820 1819 1820 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named after it's reflective of its origins, it being the union of portions of Franklin, Delaware, Madison, and Logan counties. It's county seat is Marysville and was founded April 1, 1820. It is located in the West-central area of the state.[2]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [3]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Hardin County  • Marion County  • Delaware County  • Franklin County  • Madison County  • Champaign County  • Logan County

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com

Family History Library

Findagrave.com

Interment.net

WorldCat

Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves
OHGenWeb
OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 1,996
1830 3,192 59.9%
1840 8,422 163.8%
1850 12,204 44.9%
1860 16,507 35.3%
1870 18,730 13.5%
1880 22,375 19.5%
1890 22,860 2.2%
1900 22,342 −2.3%
1910 21,871 −2.1%
1920 20,918 −4.4%
1930 19,192 −8.3%
1940 20,012 4.3%
1950 20,687 3.4%
1960 22,853 10.5%
1970 23,786 4.1%
1980 29,536 24.2%
1990 31,969 8.2%
2000 40,909 28.0%
2010 52,300 27.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Finding Church Records at Other Repositories

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Union County, Ohio Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

  • The Marysville Public Library has a large collection of family histories. These are not available digitally, however, the titles can be searched for in the library catalog here.

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Union County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

  • Durant, P.A., The History of Union County, Ohio: Containing a History of the County, its Townships, Towns, Military Records, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1971). Digital copy at: FamilySearch Digital Library, Internet Archive; FHL film 824301

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Hardin CountyMarion CountyDelaware CountyFranklin CountyMadison CountyChampaign CountyLogan CountyOH UNION.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]
Civil War service men from Union County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Union County.
-1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Companies D and K
-96th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company K, roster
World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Union County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Memory. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries. Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the {{{1}}} County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Union County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Online Probate Records

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]


Union County Courthouse
215 W 5th Street
Marysville, OH 43040
Phone: 937.645.3006

County recorder has land records from 1819;
Probate Court has birth, marriage, death and 
probate records[4]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
  • Marysville Public Library
    231 S. Plum Street
    Marysville, OH 43040
    Phone: (937) 642-1876
    Website
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

School Records[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Union County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

 Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Union County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Union County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Union County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/union/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Union County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_County,_Ohio, accessed 17 January 2019.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Union County, Ohio. Page 546 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.