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State of Palestine Colonial Records

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Ottoman Empire Colonization (1516-1832)[edit | edit source]

The Ottoman Turks captured Mamluk Palestine and Syria in 1516. Ottoman rule of the country lasted without interruption for three centuries, until its conquest by Muhammad Ali's Egypt in 1832. Eight years later, the United Kingdom intervened and returned control to the Ottomans in return for extraterritorial rights for Europeans living in Palestine.[1]


Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records


British Colonization 1917-1948)[edit | edit source]

The Balfour Declaration of 1917, which the British government issued during World War I, declared that Great Britain favored the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine. The British captured Jerusalem from the Ottomans a month later. Britain was granted a Mandate for Palestine on 25 April 1920 at the San Remo Conference, with the League of Nations formally adopting the Mandate in 1922. After the Nazi Holocaust, pressure grew for the international recognition of a Jewish state in Palestine, and in 1947 the British Government announced its intention to terminate the Mandate.[2]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records


References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Palestine," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Palestine, accessed 9 September 2019.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Palestine," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Palestine, accessed 9 September 2019.