St Winnow, Cornwall Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to St Winnow, Cornwall ancestry, family history, and genealogy:

St Winnow, Cornwall
St Nectan's Chapel Cornwall.jpeg
St Nectan's Chapel Cornwall
Type Ancient Parish
Civil Jurisdictions
Hundred West
County Cornwall
Poor Law Union Bodmin
Registration District Bodmin
Records begin
Parish registers: 1622
Bishop's Transcripts: 1612
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Rural Deanery Pydar
Diocese Exeter
Province Canterbury
Legal Jurisdictions
Probate Court A Peculiar of the Court of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter
Location of Archive
Cornwall Record Office

Parish History[edit | edit source]

WINNOW, ST., a parish, in the union of Bodmin, hundred of West, E. division of Cornwall, 2½ miles SE from Lostwithiel. There is a place of worship for Wesleyans. [1]

The parish of St Winnow (Cornish: Sen Gwynnow) dates back at least 1000 years and is mentioned in the Domesday Survey of 1086. The area is just over 5000 acres. There are two churches, and the St Winnow Parish Church is in the extreme south of the parish at approximate grid reference 115570. More centrally located is the Church or Chapel of St Nectan (also called St Nighton's) at approximate grid reference 128600. This latter is part of the St Winnow Parish and is known as a "chapel of ease" (or "chapel of convenience"). Portions of the St Winnow Church date from Norman times and both churches are largely from the 15th century. St Nectan's Church was significantly damaged during the civil war in 1644 and alterations have been made. There was also a restoration at St Winnow's Church during the 19th century, but the essential character of the building was not significantly changed. Glass windows honoring both saints are found in the parish church of St Winnow.

The parish is rather sparsely populated (fewer than 1000 inhabitants), with the largest center of population at Bridgend, which, although part of St Winnow parish, is now usually considered to be a part of the town of Lostwithiel, which is across the Fowey River bridge. Until 1 July 1936, the parish was in the Bodmin Civil Registration District, but since that date has been in the Liskeard Civil Registration District. Other than Bridgend, the parish is mostly agricultural with little industry or commerce. With more of the population living in Bridgend, St Saviour's Church Center was established there in the early 20th century. Baptisms performed there date from about 1930.

From its construction in 1866 until it was sold in 1949, there was a chapel associated with the St Faith's Home for "wayward girls" where a number of baptisms took place. This was a refuge or "reform school" institution with suitable or motivated girls rescued from Bodmin Gaol, and the girls worked in a laundry facility there. However, most of the girls who were there were not necessarily native to the parish, and their age at baptism was generally from early teens to about 30 years of age.

A mission chapel was also established at Respryn (on the edge of the hamlet of Waterlake), and there are entries in the parish baptismal register with the annotation that the baptism was done at Respryn which date from the early 20th century. That chapel is no longer in ecclesiastical use, but has passed into private hands as a store/garage. The oldest parish registers for the parish of St Winnow include only events at St Winnow and St Nectan's churches.

Neighboring Parishes[edit | edit source]

Adjacent parishes beginning on the north going clockwise are Cardinham, Broadoak (Braddoc) Boconnoc, St Veep, St Sampson, (Golant), Lanlivery, Lostwithiel, Lanhydrock. The hamlet of Lerryn straddles the River Lerryn with part of the homes in St Winnow parish and the other part in St Veep parish. The parishes of St Sampson and Lanlivery are separated from St Winnow by the River Fowey, and there has been less interaction than is found with the other neighbouring parishes. Lostwithiel, Lanhydrock, and Cardinham are connected by bridges over the Fowey, which has allowed for more association and movement than with the former parishes over the river. Lostwithiel has always been the nearest center of commerce for St Winnow, especially Bridgend, which is in St Winnow parish but in some respects is part of the town of Lostwithiel.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Find Neighboring Parishes[edit | edit source]

Use England Jurisdictions 1851 Map

  • Type the name of the parish in the search bar
  • Click on the location pin on the map
  • Choose Options from the pop up box
  • Click "List Contiguous Parishes" to find the neighboring parishes

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

There are cemeteries at both the St Winnow and the St Nectan's Churches. Both are still in use and maintained to a modest degree.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records[edit | edit source]

The Church of England (Anglican) became the official state religion in 1534, with the reigning monarch as its Supreme Governor.
Non-Conformist refers to all other religious denominations that are not the official state religion.

Church of England[edit | edit source]

Due to the increasing access of online records:

  • Individual parish coverage for databases in this table are inconsistent and should be verified
  • Dates in the following table are approximate

Hover over the collection's title for more information

St Winnow Online Parish Records
Collections
Baptisms
Marriages
Burials
Indexes and images
Indexes only
Indexes and images
Indexes only
Indexes and images
Indexes only
FamilySearch Collections-Cornwall
1500s-1900s
-
1500s-1900s
-
1500s-1900s
-
FamilySearch Parish Registers-Cornwall
1500s-1900s
-
1500s-1900s
-
1500s-1900s
-
Bishop's Transcripts - FamilySearch Catalog
1700s-1800s
-
1700s-1800s
-
1700s-1800s
-
FreeREG
-
1500s-1900s
-
1500s-1900s
-
1500s-1900s
Find My Past-Cornwall ($)
1500s-1900s
-
1500s-1900s
-
1500s-1800s
-
Ancestry-Church of England BMD-Cornwall ($)
1500s-2000s
-
1500s-2000s
-
1500s-2000s
-
Ancestry-England & Wales, Birth, Christening, Marriage and Death Indexes ($)
-
1800s-1900s
-
1800s-1900s
-
1800s-1900s
Databases with Known Incomplete Parish Coverage
Boyd's Marriage Indexes-FMP (Free)
-
-
-
1500s-1800s
-
-
National Burial Index-FMP (Free)
-
-
-
-
-
1800s-1900s

Other Websites
These databases have incomplete parish coverage.

Non-Conformists (All other Religions)[edit | edit source]

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.


Cornwall Online Census Project

The most accurate census transcriptions (because they were done by Cornish people familiar with the names and places) are found at the Cornwall Online Census Project.This is a free site.

The UK Census Online (FreeCEN), while not uniquely Cornish, is also valuable and will often yield positive results when other sites providing the census fail to find the person sought, because the search function allows a phonetic search of surnames.

Poor Law Unions[edit | edit source]

Bodmin Poor Law Union

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

There are many maps and gazetteers showing English places. Valuable websites are:

England Jurisdictions 1851

Websites[edit | edit source]

St Winnow in GENUKI

References[edit | edit source]

One should also note the links on the main page for Cornwall, as well as an overview of Cornish research on the sub-heading page of this wiki at Cornwall, England Genealogy

  1. Lewis, Samuel A., lt;A href="http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51414#s5" _fcksavedurl="http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51414#s5" A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 618-620. Date accessed: 23 March 2013.