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20th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry

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''[[United States of America|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United States Military Records{{breadcrumb|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; link1= [[Tennessee|Tennessee]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp; | link2=[[Tennessee Military Records|Tennessee Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; | link3=[[Tennessee in the Civil War]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] | link4=| link5=20th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry }}  
=== Brief History ===
The 20th Tennessee Regiment, CSA&nbsp; led by Joel A. Battle,&nbsp;of Davidson County,&nbsp;was also known as "Battle's Regiment".&nbsp;
This regiment was organized during May and June, 1861, at Camp Trousdale, Tennessee. Only a handful surrendered on April 26, 1865.<ref>National Park Service, [http soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], (accessed 6 December 2010).</ref>
=== Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin ===
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
*Company A - men from Nashville, [[Davidson_CountyDavidson County,_TennesseeTennessee|Davidson County]]*Company B - men from Nolensville, [[Williamson_CountyWilliamson County,_TennesseeTennessee|Williamson County]]*Company C - men from Nashville and vicinity, [[Davidson_CountyDavidson County,_TennesseeTennessee|Davidson County]]*Company D - men from Triune and College Grove, [[Williamson_CountyWilliamson County, Tennessee|Williamson County]] *Company E - men from [[Rutherford County, Tennessee|Rutherford County]] *Company F - men from [[Sumner County, Tennessee|Sumner County]] *Company G - men from [[Perry County, Tennessee|Perry County]] *Company H - men from [[Franklin County,_TennesseeTennessee|Franklin County]] and [[Williamson County, Tennessee|Williamson Counties]]*Company I - "Hermitage Guards" - men from Hermitage *Company K - men from Hartsville, [[Smith County, Tennessee|Smith County]] Twentieth Regiment<br>  Was organized at Camp Trousdale early June 1861.  Company B (Captain Joel &nbsp;A. Battle)(Captain W. M. Clark) - many men from Nolensville, [[Williamson County, Tennessee|Williamson County]]  Company D (Captain William P. Rucker)(Captain Fred Clayborrk) - many men from Triune and College Grove. [[Williamson County, Tennessee|Williamson County]]  Company E (Captain John S. Gooch later William Ridley) - many men from [[Rutherford County, Tennessee|Rutherford County]]  Company H (Captain M. B. Carter)(Captain F. DeGraffenried) - many men from [[Franklin County, Tennessee|Franklin County]], [[Williamson County, Tennessee|Williamson County]]  The information above is from ''The Goodspeed Histories'', vol 8  <br>
Company G (Perry Guards) Captain Robert Anderson, later Captain George Pettigrew
&nbsp; The information above is from&nbsp; ''The Goodspeed Histories'', Vol 9.
The [ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database] lists 2,075 men on its roster for this unit. [ Roster].
=== Other Sources ===
*[[Beginning United States Civil War Research|Beginning United States Civil War Research]] gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in&nbsp;'Tennessee in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below). <br>
*National Park Service, [http soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information. <br>
*[[Tennessee in the Civil War|Tennessee in the Civil War]] describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Tennessee, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]] describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
*Lindsley, John B. ''The Military Annals of Tennessee: Confederate, First Series; Embracing a Review of Military Operations, with Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls, Compiled from Original and Official Sources''. 1886. Reprint. Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Co., 1974. (Family History Library book 976.8 M2L.) Digital versions at [ Ancestry] ($); <span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1296851229773_454" />[ Internet Archive].&nbsp;&nbsp;A brief history and memorial rolls of the 20th Tennessee Infantry begin on page 382. *McMurray, William Josiah, ''History of the Twentieth Tennessee Regiment Volunteer Infantry, C.S.A'', Nashville, Tenn., The Publication Committee, consisting of W.J. McMurray, D.J. Roberts, and R.J. Neal, 1904.&nbsp; Online book at [ Internet Archive]&nbsp;or [ Google Books]. *Tennesseans in the Civil War, [ 20th Tennessee Infantry Regiment], (accessed 29 Dec 2011). *E.J. Keen, [ 20th Tennessee Infantry Regiment], 1997&nbsp;(accessed 29 Dec 2011).&nbsp; Muster roll for Company F. *20th Tennessee Infatnry Regiment, [ Joel A. Battle], (accessed 29 Dec 2011). *[ The Twentieth Tennessee (Confederate) Regiment], a brief history, (accessed 29 Dec 2011). *Confederate Military Rosters Online, [ 20th Tennessee Infantry], (accessed 26 Feb 2012).&nbsp; Transcribed by Sue Bowers, extracted from "HISTORY of the Twentieth Tennessee Regiment CSA" published in 1904.<br>
=== References ===
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