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{{breadcrumb
| link1= [[Virginia|Virginia]]
| link2=[[Virginia Military Records|Virginia Military]]
| link3=[[Virginia in the Civil War]]
| link4=
| link5=1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
}}
 
 
=== Brief History ===
*Completed This Unit completed its organization at Winchester, Virginia, in July 1861. *&nbsp; Unlike most regiments, the 1st contained twelve companies. *&nbsp; After taking part in the Battle of First Manassas, the unit was brigaded under Generals J. E. B Stuart, F. Lee, Wickham, and Munford. *It participated in more than 200 engagements of various types including the Seven Days' Battles and Stuart's ride around McClellan. The regiment was active in the conflicts at Gainesville, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, The Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Spotsylvania, Bethesda Church, and Cold Harbor. Later it was involved in Early's operations in the Shenandoah Valley, the defense of Petersburg, and the Appomattox Campaign. *In April, 1862, it totaled 437 men, lost eight percent of the 310 engaged at Gettysburg, and had 318 fit for duty in September, 1864. *The cavalry cut through the Federal lines at Appomattox and later disbanded. Only 1 man from this unit was present at the surrender. *The field officers were Colonels R. Welby Carter, James H. Drake, William E. Jones, Fitzhugh Lee, William A. Morgan, and James E. B. Stuart; Lieutenant Colonels L. Tiernan Brien and Charles R. Irving; and Major Robert Swan.<ref>National Park Service, [https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] (accessed 4 January 2011).</ref>
=== Companies ===
The men were from the counties of [[FrederickCounty, Virginia|Frederick]], [[Berkeley_County,_West_Virginia|Berkeley]], [[Rockbridge_County,_Virginia|Rockbridge]], [[Clarke_County, _Virginia|Clarke]], [[Washington_County, _Virginia|Washington]], [[Augusta_County,_Virginia|Augusta]], [[Jefferson_County,_West_Virginia|Jefferson]], [[Amelia_County,_Virginia|Amelia]], [[Loudoun_County, _Virginia|Loudoun]], [[Rockingham_County,_Virginia|Rockingham]], and Gloucester.  Field and Staff  :[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_fld_staff.html Roster] Company A  :[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_a.html Roster] Company B  :[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_b.html Roster] Company C  :[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_c.html RosterGloucester_County,_Virginia|GloucesterCompany D  :[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_d.html RosterCompany D1st  :[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_d_1st.html Roster] Company D2nd
:[httphttps://ranger95civilwarintheeast.com/civil_warconfederate-regiments/virginia/1st-virginia-cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_d_2ndCompanies and captains]:<br>:Company A - Newtown Light Dragoons: Captain J. H. Drake:Company B - Berkeley Troop: Captain J. B. Hoge:Company C - Rockbridge Dragoons No.1: Captain M. X. White, Jr.:Company D - Clarke Cavalry: Captain J. F. Hardesty:Company E - Valley Rangers: Captain W. Patrick:Company F - Shepherdstown Troop: Captain W. A. Morgan:Company G - Amelia Light Dragoons: Captain C. R. Irving:Company H - Loudoun Light Horse: Captain R. W. Carter:Company I - Harrisonburg Cavalry: Captain T. L. Yancey:Company K - Rockingham Cavalry or River Rangers: Captain E. S. Yancey:Company L - (1st) Washington Mounted Rifles: Captain William E. Jones:Company L - (2nd) Gloucester Light Dragoons: Captain J. W. Puller:Company M - Howard Dragoons: Captain G. R. Gaither, JR.:Company N - Natchez Cavalry or Adams Troop: Captain W. T. Martin:Company O - Sumter Mounted Guards: Captain W. M.html Roster]Stone
Company E [http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/1cav_rgt/1st_cav_regt.html Regiment surname lists]
:[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_e.html Roster]=== Records<br> ===
The muster roll of Company F G is included in:
*Muster Roll of Amelia County, Virginia, in the War in Defense of Virginia, 1861-1865. MSS. Amelia County Courthouse (Amelia, Va.). Copy:[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_f{{FHL|282001|item|disp=FHL Film 30474 Item 5}}.html Roster]<br>
*''Roster of Amelia Troop: Which Constituted Company G , First Regiment, Virginia Cavalry, From the Beginning to the End of the Confederate War''. Richmond, Va.: W.E. Jones Print. Co., 1911. {{FHL|777738|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6082785}}.<br>
:[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_g.html Roster]=== Other Sources ===
Company H *[[Beginning United States Civil War Research|Beginning United States Civil War Research]] gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865.
:*National Park Service, [httphttps://ranger95www.nps.com/civil_wargov/virginiacivilwar/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_hsoldiers-and-sailors-database.html Rosterhtm The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
Company I *[[Virginia in the Civil War|Virginia in the Civil War]] describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
:*[http://ranger95[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]] describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_i, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.html Roster]
*Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 1st. Company K G. ''Roster of Amelia Troop : which constituted Company G, First Regiment, Virginia Cavalry, from the beginning to the end of the Confederate war.'' (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), {{FHL|777738|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6082785}}
*Driver, Robert J. ''1st Virginia Cavalry.'' Lynchburg, Va.:[http://ranger95H.E. Howard, 1991. {{FHL|423515|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_k80}}.html Roster]
Company K1st *Eggleston, George Cary. ''A Rebel's Recollections.'' New York: Hurd and Houghton; Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1875. Digital version at [http://www.archive.org/details/rebelsrecollec00eggl Internet Archive]; {{FHL|777741|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6082786 (3 fiche)}}.
*Haden, B.J. and J.E.B. Stuart. ''Reminiscences of J.E.B. Stuart's Cavalry.'' Charlottesville, Va.:[http://ranger95Progress Pub. Co., n.d.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_k_1st{{FHL|777750|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6082787}}.html Roster]<br>
Company K2nd *Lewis, Charles E. ''War sketches, no. 1&nbsp;: with the First Dragoons in Virginia.'' (Bethesda, Maryland&nbsp;: University Publications of America, c1992) {{FHL|653905|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6083605}}
*Sifakis, Stewart. ''Compendium of the Confederate Armies:[httpVirginia''. New York, NY://ranger95Facts on File, 1992- 1995.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_k_2nd(Family History Library book {{FHL|476605|title-id|disp=975 M2ss}}, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia.html Roster]<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1288833368577_140" /br>
Company L *Trout, Robert J. ''They Followed the Plume: The Story of J.E.B. Stuart and His Staff.'' Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1993. {{FHL|703107|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M2tro}}.<br>
*Wallace, Lee A. ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865''. Lynchburg, Virginia:[http://ranger95H. E. Howard, 1986. (Family History Library book {{FHL|498411|title-id|disp=975.5 M2vr, Volume 29}}.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/rosters/1st_cav_rgt_rost_L) This gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders.html Roster]<br>
=== Other Sources ===<br>
=== References ===
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