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Illinois Probate Records

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Probate Records|Probate Records]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Illinois_Probate_RecordsIllinois Probate Records|Illinois Probate]]''
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[[Image:Illinois Probate Records DGS Appointment 4595145 75.jpg|thumb|right|315x264px]] == Record Synopsis ==
Probate records are court records created after an individual’s death that relate to is the “court procedure by which a court’s decisions regarding the distribution of the estate will is proved to the heirs be valid or creditors invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the care administration of any dependentsestates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are important extremely valuable to family history researchers because genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they usually exist for time periods before civil birth are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and death dependents. For further information about the probate process,&nbsp;types of probate records were kept. While ,&nbsp;analyzing probate records are one , and to access a glossary of the most accurate sources of genealogical evidenceprobate terms, they have [see [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Probate_Records United States Probate Limitations|limitations]Records].
=== History ===
Variations existed within counties as probate jurisdictions and county boundaries changed over the years.
'''Territorial (1787 - 1818)'''<br>County Probate Judge and Clerk (1787 - 1795)<br>Orphans Court composed of Justices of Quarter Sessions (1795 - 1805)<br>Court of Common Pleas (1805 - 1816)<br>Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)
'''State (1818 - present)'''<br>Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)<br>Clerk of County's Commissioners' Court (1819 - 1821)<br>County Probate Court (1821 - 1848)<br>County Probate Court (for counties with 50,000+ population) (1870 - 1964)<br>County Court (1848 - 1964)<br>Circuit Court (1964 - present)
=== Availability =State Statutes ==
Understanding the Illinois probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems.  == Repositories == ==== Local ==== Contact the Circuit Court of the county of interest to view or obtain copies of original records. Off-site access to some Illinois probate records might be found in the following:  ==== Regional ====
*[http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/databases.html The Illinois Regional Archives Depositories] includes some online Illinois probate indexes.
*[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#w=0&p=waypoint&s=waypointsOnly&c=fs%3A1834344 FamilySearch Historical Records] collection includes free online images of will books, administrations, journals, inventories, guardian's records, and order books from probate courts in Illinois. The collection includes the following counties: Alexander, Coles, Effingham, Gallatin, Hamilton, Hancock, La Salle, Logan, Madison, Massac, Piatt, Pope, Rock Island, Shelby, White, Whiteside, and Williamson. The content and time period will vary by county.National ====
*The Family History Library has microfilmed many Illinois probate records, generally from the date of the county’s creation until the early 1900s. Probate records can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search.
 
== Statewide Record Collections ==
 
*[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#w=0&p=waypoint&s=waypointsOnly&c=fs%3A1834344 FamilySearch Historical Records] collection includes free online images of will books, administrations, journals, inventories, guardian's records, and order books from probate courts in Illinois. The collection includes the following counties: Alexander, Coles, Effingham, Gallatin, Hamilton, Hancock, La Salle, Logan, Madison, Massac, Piatt, Pope, Rock Island, Shelby, White, Whiteside, and Williamson. The content and time period will vary by county.
*[http://www.deathindexes.com/illinois/index.html DeathIndexes.com] provides links to several Illinois probate records.
*[http://ilgenweb.net/ USGenWeb, Illinois] is a cooperative volunteer effort with links to resources in the state and counties.
=== State Statutes =Learn More ==
Understanding the Additional information about Illinois state statutes relating to probate laws and how they changed over time matters can help us learn how be found at law libraries. *Anne Roach, ''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/Goldmine__Beyond_the_Court_Order_Book/Player.html Courthouse Records Overview]'' (35 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.<br> *Rose, Christine.''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004. Of particular interest are the estate was administeredchapters, taxed"Estates Galore, " "Estate Documents," "Milking Every Clue from Estates," and distributed "Strategies that Work." {{FHL|1202197|item}} *Szucs, Loretto Dennis and might help Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, editors. ''The Source: A Guidebook to solve difficult genealogical problemsAmerican Genealogy.'' Third edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, Inc., 2006. Of particular interest is the section, "Probate," pages 268 - 277. {{FHL|1211475|item}}
Additional information about Illinois state statutes relating to probate matters can be found at law libraries. For example:<br> ==== Published Materials ====
*Pease, Theodore Calvin. ''The Laws of the Northwest Territory, 1788-1800.'' Springfield, Illinois: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, [1925]. [{{FHL|289433|item}} (7 fiche)]
 
Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "Illinois statutes." The following are examples of free, digital books related to Illinois probate laws:
 
*Brayman, Mason. ''Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois''....Springfield: Walters &amp; Weber, 1845. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=1JwSAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=wR-zTK2YGYf4sAPEpozfDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CFAQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate.
*Hurd, Harvey Bostwick, editor. ''Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois. 1877.''...Chicago: Chicago Legal News Co., 1877. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t9gnAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=wR-zTK2YGYf4sAPEpozfDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CFUQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate.
*Starr, Merritt and Russell H. Curtis, editors. ''Annotated Statutes of the State of Illinois in Force January 1, 1885 ....''Volume I. Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1885. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RDwlAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=uiizTNDDF46gsQOh0Y3zAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CF4Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate.
=== Learn More = Websites ====
*Anne Roach, ''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/Goldmine__Beyond_the_Court_Order_Book/Player.html Courthouse Records Overview]'' (35 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.<br> *Rose, Christine.''Courthouse Research digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004. Of particular interest are the chapters, "Estates Galore," "Estate Documentsterm," "Milking Every Clue from Estates," and "Strategies that WorkIllinois statutes." {{FHL|1202197|item}}*SzucsThe following are examples of free, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, editors. ''The Source: A Guidebook digital books related to American Genealogy.'' Third edition. Salt Lake City, UtahIllinois probate laws: Ancestry, Inc., 2006. Of particular interest is the section, "Probate," pages 268 - 277. {{FHL|1211475|item}}
=== Sources ===
*Eichholz, Alice, Editor. ''Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources.'' Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004, 185. {{FHL|1185723|item}}*Greenwood, Val D. Third edition. ''The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy. ''Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 2000, 346. {{FHL|960443|item}}
*Pease, Theodore Calvin. "The County Archives of the State of Illinois." Clarence Walworth Alvord, editor. ''Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library.'' Volume XII. Springfield, Ill.: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1915. Chap. IV, pp. lxxviii-lxxxi. View a free digital version online at [http://books.google.com/books?id=kVVIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR127&dq=illinois+probate&hl=en&ei=-Q2zTIvZEYu0sAP295T4Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CF0Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=illinois%20probate&f=false Google Books].
== References == <brReferences />  {{Illinois|Illinois}}
[[Category:Illinois|Probate]] [[Category:Probate Records of the United States|Illinois]]
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