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England Newspapers

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Online Resources
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== Online Resources == 
*{{RecordSearch|2562508|British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries}}
*[ Genuki-Newspapers Online] *[ Online Newspapers] *[ Richard Heaton's Newspaper Collection]
*[ World-Newspapers]
*{{RecordSearch|2562514|British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices}}
*[ Suffragette Newspaper Collection] ($)
*[ British Newspapers] ($)
*[ Runaway Slaves in Britain], searchable database of runaway advertisements in the 1700s
== Introduction ==
English newspapers began in 1620. At first content was limited to foreign news. A tax on each printed sheet of paper limited the number of pages and the amount of information now useful to family historians. The first successful newspaper was the [[The London Gazette|London Gazette]], a biweekly government list of bankruptcies, naturalizations, official acts, and public notices. It began in 1665/6 and still continues today.
In 1690 the first local newspaper began in Worcester. The content was still very limited because of taxes, but useful items published from 1690 to 1800 include the following:
*Ads with physical descriptions of runaway apprentices, giving the apprentices’ names, addresses, occupations and the names of their fathers and masters. *Ads to locate runaway or kidnapped children, military deserters (with physical description, previous occupation, age, and place of birth), and missing heirs or family members.
*Marriage, engagement, and death notices (since 1730)&nbsp;&nbsp;[But do bear in mind only a very small percentage of Marriages and Deaths were reported due to the limited physical size of the newspaper].
Increasingly Digitalisation is opening up access to "trapped data" in newspapers for example:
*Thomson-Gale The Times Online for example adds significantly to Palmer's Index *British Library Burney Collection of 18th Newspapers *British Library Digitalisation of 19th Century Newspapers
*The Scotsman, The Guardian etc are also available on a Pay per View Basis
== Archives and Libraries ==
=== British Library ===
Copies of British newspapers are at many repositories and libraries. The most complete collection is in the Newspaper Library section of the British Library (see [[England Archives and Libraries]] for the address).
The British Library has made many county newspapers available online with an [ every name index]. The history is recorded as it happened. You may think that only more prominent people would be mentioned in the newspapers.
*Mention of births, deaths, and marriages was for the more prominent people in the area. Obituaries for those that lived near 100 years old. *Court cases that mention witnesses and detailed account of the event. *Quarter Session reports on those that broke the law or were disorderly. *Quarter Session reports for business licenses, gun licenses, etc. *Sporting Events with names of those participating. *Coroner inquests; sudden death was a reason for an inquest, they're more common than one might think; many go into detail about what led up to the death. Accidents recorded in detail. *Special events in a parish or area of a county. *National News and World News.
*Accounts of battles during war time.
Now with an every name index it is possible to determine whether your ancestor is recorded in the newspaper for any number of reasons. To use this valuable resource it must be determined if there is an indexed newspaper for the area and time period that is desired. Not every area is covered in this collection. <u>It covers papers from 1800 to 1900.</u>
=== Family History Library ===
The Family History Library has a few English newspapers listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
The Family History Library usually does not collect newspapers. However, the library does collect indexes and abstracts of genealogical information from newspapers. Look in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
==== Indexes ====
''The London Times'' published notices of deaths, marriages, and births of prominent families. Abstracts with semiannual indexes from 1785 to 1933 have been prepared in Abstracts of Birth, Marriage, and Death Announcements, a manuscript on film at the Family History Library, listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
*Palmer, S. ''Palmer’s Index to the Times Newspaper.'' Reprint. Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint, 1965–1978. {{FHL|942.1/L1 B32pa}}
==== Directories ====
The following work lists holdings by town of publication:
Other lists of holdings of British newspapers include:
*''Bibliography of British Newspapers''. London, England: The Library Association, 1975–. {{FHL|942 B33b}} This bibliography is an ongoing series. It lists newspapers by county and gives background information on the papers. *Crane, R. S., and F. B. Kaye. ''A Census of British Newspapers and Periodicals, 1620–1800''. Second Edition. London, England: Holland Press, 1966. {{FHL|942 B3ce}} This lists holdings at major U.S. libraries.
*Gibson, J. S. W. ''Local Newspapers, 1750–1920''. Revised Edition. Birmingham, England: Federation of Family History Societies Publications, Limited, 1987. {{FHL|942 B33g}} This book lists holdings in English repositories, arranged by county and city.
:''It's worth bearing in mind that Regional Newspapers may be a much better source for your ancestors than National Newspapers'' (the Gibson Guide listed above is an invaluable resource to track local holdings).
== Digital Issues Online ==
{{wikipedia|Wikipedia:List of online newspaper archives|List of online newspaper archives}}
*{{RecordSearch|2562514|British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices}} at [ FamilySearch] — index and images
*The [ British Library in London] ($) has made many county newspapers available online with an every name index. *[ British Newspapers Archive] ($)
*[ Richard Heaton's Index to Digitalised British and Irish Newspapers Online]
*On the [[Gentlemans Magazine|Gentleman's Magazine]] FamilySearch Wiki page, a list of digitized volumes free to read online is being compiled.
*[ Palmer's Index]: online through the Internet Archive
== Archives ==
*{{RecordSearch|2562514|British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices}} at [ FamilySearch] — index and images
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