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African American Resources

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Useful Websites
{{AfrAm-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
| link2=[[African American Genealogy|African American Genealogy]]
}}<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[African American Online Genealogy Records]]</span></div>
== Introduction ==
The first blacks were brought to the United States in 1619 by Dutch traders. Contrary to popular belief, not all blacks labored as slaves in the fields of the large Southern plantations. Many worked for smaller land owners, some worked as servants in the cities, and some were free. By the Civil War period, the descendants of less than 400,000 transplanted Africans numbered over 4 million. Read more about slave records at http://www.afrigeneas.com/slavedata/.
Blacks were seldom addressed by a surname; instead they were usually listed by a first name, or as a "Black Male" or "Black Female." Once slavery ended and usage of surnames became legal, exslaves were free to use either their previous name (usually known to them, but not used in records) or to choose a new one. Obstacles arose when several members of one biological family adopted different last names.
=== Did You Know? ===
*African American historical research can be undertaken in both military and civilian records; however, the documentation is scattered through a variety of correspondence of government and private citizens and government reports. One's success in researching African-American ancestry in the years prior to the Civil War will depend largely on what one's status was, slave or free by going to [http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/slavery-records.html http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/slavery-records.html.]
== Resources == ===Useful Websites===
=== Useful Websites ===
*[https://www.familysearch.org/campaign/african-american-genealogy African American Genealogy]
*[https://www.aahgs.org/ Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society]
*[http://www.afrigeneas.com/ AfriGeneas]
*[https://www.accessgenealogy.com/black-genealogy Access Genealogy: Black Genealogy]
*[http://www.slavevoyages.org/ The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database] *[https://beyondkin.org/ Beyond Kin]*[http://digitalblackhistory.com/ Digital Black History] ===Books===
=== Books ===
*Newman, Debra L. ''List of Black servicemen compiled from the War Department collection of Revolutionary War records''. Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Service. General Services Administration, 1974. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/149018 here])
*Newman, Debra L. ''List of free Black heads of families in the first census of the United States, 1790''. Salt Lake City, Utah : Digitized by FamilySearch International, 2015. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2540655 here])
*Ross, Joseph B. ''Tabular analysis of the records of the U.S. colored troops and their predecessor units in the National Archives of the United States''. Washington, D.C. : NARS, 1973. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/123097 here])
=== African American Genealogy Presentations ===
Many presentations from the 2006 AAHGS Conference (Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society) are now available to download and view for free. These are large files (200-400 MB each) and must be downloaded before viewing. Files are optimized for viewing with the free Quicktime media player available at [http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download http://www.apple.com/quicktime<nowiki/download]>.To download a presentation, please right click the link and select 'Save Target As' or 'Save Link As'.
:Dr. Quintard Taylor, Jr., Author and Professor of American History, University of Washington<br>Presentation: Roots West: African American History in the Trans-Mississippi West<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_QuintardTaylor.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_QuintardTaylor.mp4]:Mary Hill, Author and accredited genealogist for Southern and Eastern States<br>Presentation: Finding Records of Your Ancestors: 1870 to Present<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_MaryHill.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_MaryHill.mp4]:Beth Wilson, Reference librarian for land records, African-American genealogy, and documentation research<br>Presentation: Trails Back: Tracing Ancestors in Slavery through Census, Probate, and Land Research<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_BethWilson.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_BethWilson.mp4]:Dr. Spencer Crew, Director of the National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.<br>Presentation: National Underground Railroad Freedom Center: Activities and Accomplishments<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_SpencerCrew.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_SpencerCrew.mp4]:Angela Walton Raji, Author and avid African–Native American genealogist<br>Presentation: Beyond the Dawes Rolls: Black Indian Ancestry East of the Mississippi<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AngelaWaltonRaji.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AngelaWaltonRaji.mp4]:Adele Marcum, Professional genealogist and content specialist<br>Presentation: Where Should I Start? Beginning Research on Ancestry.com<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AdeleMarcum.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AdeleMarcum.mp4]:Howard Dodson, Chief, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library<br>Presentation: Beyond Victimization: The Triumph Over Slavery<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_HowardDodson.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_HowardDodson.mp4]
{{African American|African American}}
 
[[Category:African_American Records]]
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