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African American Newspapers

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== Introduction ==
African American newspapers came into existence before the Civil War as a medium of expression of abolitionist sentiment. As African Americans migrated from fields to urban centers, virtually every large city with a significant African American population soon had African American newspapers.
African American newspapers came into existence before the Civil War as a medium of expression of abolitionist sentiment. In 1827, Samuel Cornish and John B. Russwarm started the first African American periodical, called ''Freedom's Journal''. ''Freedom's Journal'' initiated the trend of African American papers throughout the United States to fight for liberation and rights, demonstrate racial pride, and inform readers of events affecting the African American community. Unfortunately, because the African Americans able to support the paper and the white abolitionists were few, the paper ended its circulation in 1830. Also, during the antebellum South, other African American newspapers came about. One of these, the ''North Star'', founded by Frederick Douglass, had the same fate as ''Freedom's Journal''.
*Henritze, Barbara K. ''Bibliographic Checklist of African American Newspapers''. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1995. {{FHL|597833|item|disp=FHL Book 973 F23hb}}. 5539 titles are identified, including 348 in New York, 337 in Mississippi, 336 in Georgia, 191 in Virginia, and 41 in West Virginia.<ref>John Frederick Dorman, "Review of ''Bibliographic Checklist of African American Newspapers,"'' in ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 39, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1995):73-74.</ref>
*Pinnick, Timothy N. ''Finding and Using African American Newspapers''. The Gregath Publishing Company, 2008. ISBN: 978-0-944619-85-8. *Cambell, Georgetta Merritt.''Extant Collection of Early Black Newspapers: A Research Guide to the Black Press, 1880-1915, with an index to the Boston Gardian, 1902-1904'' / By Georgetta Merritt Campbell. - Troy, NY: Whitston Pub. Co., 1981. - xxvi, 401 p.&nbsp; Z6944.N39 C35
*''A Register and History of Negro Newspapers in the United States, 1827-1950''. - 1950. - 431 p.&nbsp;&nbsp; Thesis (Ph. D.) - Northwestern University. Abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts International, Vol. 34A (Jan. 1974); p. 4183-4184 (62-6508).
In the United States today, it is not uncommon for cities to have a variety of newspapers (printed in a variety of languages) that are aimed at specific racial, ethnic, and religious groups. Because large newspapers tend to cover the news that would be of interest to the majority (and thus not the minority) of people, it is easy to see why people of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds would be interested in hearing about events from people who might see the world with the same cultural lens as themselves.
=== Runaway slave advertisements ===
It is difficult to find an ancestor in runaway slave advertisements. In order to use these records you need to know the name of the slave, and it is also important to know the owner's name to help identify the correct slave. It would also help to know where the owner lived in order to determine if there are nearby newspapers with compiled runaway slave advertisements. There were many newspapers in which owners could have advertised, so coverage is spotty.
== Websites ==
*[ Accessible Archives - African American Newspapers]
== References ==
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