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}}{{Click|Image:AA_ORP.png|<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[African American Online Genealogy Records}}]]</span></div>
A record of major migrations of African Americans and precipitating events. <br><br>
=== Emigration to Canada ===
*[https://dcmswww.ldsfamilysearch.org/deliverylibrary/DeliveryManagerServletbooks/records/item/374424-the-refugee-or-the-narratives-of-fugitive-slaves-in-canada-microform?from=fhd&dps_pidoffset=IE6968346 1 Benjamin Drew. ''A north-side view of slavery : the refugee, or, The narratives of fugitive slaves in Canada related by themselves, with an account of the history and condition of the colored population of Upper Canada.'' Boston: John P. Jewett and Company, 1856. Digital Book]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1804488?availability=Family%20History%20Library George Hendrick. ''Black refugees in Canada : accounts of escape during the era of slavery.'' Jefferson, McFarland & Co., 2010. FHL 971 H6h]
*[https://archive.org/details/refugeesfromslav00howe/page/n5 S.G. Howe. ''The Refugees from Slavery in Canada West. Report to the Freedmen's Inquiry Commission.'' Boston: Wright & Potter, printers, 1864.]
=== [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underground_Railroad Underground Railroad] ===
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/33754822 Underground Railroad National Historical Park - Selected Routes of the Underground Railroad. NAID 33754822 - National Archives]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/68886418 National Scenic Byway- Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad (Maryland) NAID 68886418 - National Archives]
*[https://freedomonthemove.org/ Freedom on the Move. A database of fugitives from American Slavery. Cornell University]
*[https://archive.org/details/undergroundrail00stil/page/n11 William Still.''The underground rail road : a record of facts, authentic narratives, letters, &c., narrating the hardships, hair-breadth escapes, and death struggles of the slaves in their efforts for freedom, as related by themselves and others or witnessed by the author : together with sketches of some of the largest stockholders and most liberal aiders and advisers of the road.'' Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1872.]
==== [https://www.nps.gov/orgs/1205/index.htm Nework to Freedom - National Park Service] ====
 
*'''[https://www.nps.gov/subjects/ugrr/about_ntf/index.htm Network to Freedom - Index]'''
''' State Sources '''
*[http://www.mdhs.org/findingaid/american-colonization-society/liberia-collection-pp161 Maryland Historical Society. American Colonization Society/Liberia Collection]
*[https://www.mdhs.org/findingaid/maryland-state-colonization-society-papers-1827-1871-ms-571 Maryland Historical Society. Maryland State Colonization Society Papers, 1827-1871. MS 571]
*[http://archives.nypl.org/scm/20819 New York State Colonization Society Records, 1849-1968. New York Public Library - Archives & Manuscripts]
''' National Archives'''
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1786936 Letters Received Relating to African Colonization, 1/5/1819 - 3/10/1841. National Archives Catalog. NAID 1786936]
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1768603 Letters Sent Relating to African Colonization, 1/17/1820 - 1858, National Archives Catalog. NAID 1768603]
 
''' Publications'''
*[https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/581037-the-american-colonization-society-1817-1840?viewer=1&offset=0#page=2&viewer=picture&o=info&n=0&q= Early Lee Fox.'' The American Colonization Society, 1817-1840.'' 1919 reprint.New York, New York : AMS Press, 1971]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/785285?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tom W. Shick. ''Emigrants to Liberia, 1820 to 1843, an alphabetical listing.''Newark, Delaware : University of Delaware Department of Anthropology & Liberian Studies Association in America, 1971. FHL 966.62 W2e]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/330712?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tom W. Shick. ''Behold the promised land : a history of Afro-American settler society in nineteenth-century Liberia.'' Baltimore, Maryland : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980. FHL 966.62 H2s]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1373073?availability=Family%20History%20Library Eric Burin. ''Slavery and the peculiar solution : a history of the American Colonization Society.'' Gainesville, Florida : University Press of Florida, 2005. FHL 973 C4be]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1210727?availability=Family%20History%20Library Richard L. Hall. '' "On AfricAfrica's Shore." A History of Maryland in Liberia, 1834-1857.'' Baltimore, Maryland: Maryland Historical Society, 2003. FHL 966.62 H2d]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/58743?availability=Family%20History%20Library Penelope Campbell. ''Maryland in Africa: the Maryland Colonization Society,1831-1857.''Urbana, Illinois : University of Illinois Press, 1971. FHL 966.6 H2c]
*[https://archive.org/details/removaloffreecol00mary/page/n2 Maryland. Report of the Select Committee, to Whom was Referred the Subject of the Removal of the Free Colored Population from Charles County.]
'''Migration after the Civil War'''<br>Between 1790 and 1900, 90% of African Americans lived in the South.<br>By 1960, 50% of African Americans lived in the South.
*100,000 African Americans moved to Kansas in late 1870s1870's, early 1880s 1880's
*500,000 African Americans left the south during WWI (1916-1919)
*90,000 to Pennsylvania
*43,000 to Michigan
*1 million African Americans left the South in the 1920s 1920's
*5 million African Americans left the South between 1940-1960
*During 1970s1970's, African Americans started returning to the South, especially to larger, urban cities.
*By 1990, 84% of African Americans lived in urban areas.
*See ''Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915-1940''by Spencer Crew.
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