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{{Record_Search_articlebreadcrumb| link1= [[Czech Republic Genealogy |Czech Republic]]| link2= | link3= | link4= | link5= South Bohemia}} {{Czech Republic HR Infobox|CID=CID1472854|title=Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Třeboň Archive church recordsChurch Books, 1650-1900|location=EuropeanSouth Bohemia (Czech Republic)| LOC_01 = South Bohemia| LOC_02 = | LOC_03 = | loc_map = CZ locator map Czech Republic South Bohemia.png| record_type = Church Books| start_year = 1650| end_year = 1900| language = German, Czech| title_language = Tschechische Republik, Sud Böhmen, Wittingau Archiv Kirchenbücher (German) <br> Česká republika, Jižní Čechy, Třeboň, církevní knihy (Czech)| FS_URL_01 = [[Czech Republic Record Finder|Record Finder]]| FS_URL_02 = [[Czech Republic Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]| FS_URL_03 = [[Czech Republic Genealogy|Czech Republic]]| FS_URL_04 = [[Czech Republic Church Records]]| FS_URL_05 = [[Czech Republic Church Books - FamilySearch Historical Records]]| FS_URL_06 = | FS_URL_07 = | FS_URL_08 = | FS_URL_09 = | FS_URL_10 = | RW_URL_01 = [http://actapublica.eu/ Acta Publica] and [http://www.iabsi.com/gen/public/Archive_Acta_Publica.html instructions]| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.cgsi.org/ Czechoslovak Genealogical Society International]| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.mzv.cz/washington/en/culture_events/cz_us_community/genealogy/ Czech Embassy Genealogy Tips]| RW_URL_04 = | RW_URL_05 = | RW_URL_06 = | custodian = Státní oblastní archiv, Třeboni (Treboni State Regional Archives, Trebon)}}
<br>== What is in This Collection? ==
== Collection Time Period ==This collection will include records from 1650 to 1900. Additional images may be added periodically to this collection to give the viewer more of a selection.<br>
The earliest Czech book was created Entries are usually arranged in chronological order and, after 1784, in 1441 (a columnar format. During certain times, one book of christenings from Horní Jiřetín). Books have been kept was used to list all the presentbaptisms, but because marriages, and burials for all the villages in a parish for one year. At other times each village has its own section of privacy lawsbaptisms, they marriages, and burials, which were listed chronologically. Some records are available for research only through 1905on preprinted forms, and most include indexes.
== Record&nbsp;History ==Czech church records are usually in one of three languages: [[Czech Republic Genealogical Word List|Czech]], [[German Word List|German]], or [[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin]]. Often, one parish consists of books written in all three. Records from one state regional archive (statní oblastní archive) may favor one or more languages. For example, records from Litoměřice are usually written in German or Latin. Records from Plzeň or Třeboň are usually written in Czech, German, and Latin equally.
The edict For a list of the Council of Trent records by religion currently published in 1563this collection, which mandated select the creation of church books, applied to Czech congregations[https://familysearch. Austrian emperor Joseph II issued the Edict of Toleration on October 13, 1781, which allowed Protestants, Jews, and others to keep their own church records under the supervision of the Catholic Churchorg/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch. Though org/recapi/sord/collection/1472854/waypoints Browse] link from the Protestants were allowed to keep registers starting in 1771, they were copied into Catholic registers. In 1781 Protestants continued to keep registers under Catholic supervisioncollection.
<br>The edict of the Council of Trent in 1563, which mandated the creation of church books, applied to Czech congregations. Austrian Emperor Joseph II issued the Edict of Toleration on October 13, 1781, which allowed Protestants, Jews, and others to keep their own church records under the supervision of the Catholic Church. Though the Protestants were allowed to keep registers starting in 1771, they were copied into Catholic registers. In 1781, Protestants continued to keep registers under Catholic supervision.
Starting February 10, 1784, Joseph II required that all church birth entries include the full names of both parents and all grandparents, along with their towns of origin and their military conscription numbers or unique address, such as Plichtice č. 5 (č is an abbreviation for čislo, or "number"). The emperor also required that records be kept in Latin or German, though Czech was often used. Column headings, which had started around 1784 (sometimes earlier), were also made compulsory.
<br> In 1790 , the Austrian government (under which Czech records were kept) created a law requiring indexes to be kept. In 1802 , another law was passed requiring all older matriky (church books) to be indexed. Only rarely are volumes not indexed.  <br>
Starting in 1869, the civil authorities took charge of the record-keeping of births, marriages, and deaths. However, individual churches continued to actually record these events. The official legal copy was kept by local officials when many of the clergy refused to perform Catholic rites for non-Catholics. Everyone was registered under this new system, not just those appearing in Catholic or Protestant registers
<br> === Why This Record Was Created<br> === Church books were first created to identify those who had received church sacraments. After 1869 , they were also used as an official record of vital events by civil authorities.<br> The earliest Czech book was created in 1441 (a book of christenings from Horní Jiřetín). Books have been kept to the present, but because of privacy laws, they are available for research only through 1905.<br> <br> === Record Reliability === Czech church books are extremely reliable, more so than census and other records. Ages, birth dates, and birthplaces found in marriage and death entries are only as accurate as the informant’s memory.  == Record Description<br> == Entries are usually arranged in chronological order and, after 1784, in a columnar format. During certain times, one book was used to list all the baptisms, marriages, and burials for all the villages in a parish for one year. At other times each village has its own section of baptisms, marriages, and burials, which were listed chronologically. Some records are on preprinted forms, and most records include indexes.<br> <br>Czech church records are usually in one of three languages: Czech, German, or Latin. Often, one parish consists of books written in all three. Records from one state regional archive (statní oblastní archive) may favor one or more languages. For example, records from Litoměřice are usually written in German or Latin. Records from Plzeň or Třeboň are usually written in Czech, German, and Latin equally.  === Record Content === ==== Baptismal entries contain:[[Image:Czech Trebon Church Baptism.jpg|thumb|right]]<br> ==== Names of the child, parents, and witnesses or godparents (often included are grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, great-great-grandparents)<br>Date and place of birth and baptism (sometimes includes the time of birth and baptism)<br>Residence and religion of the parents and other direct-line ancestors<br>Occupation of the father and other males listed<br>Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate<br><br> [[Image:Czech Trebon Church Marriage Right.jpg|thumb]]  ==== Marriage entries contain:<br> ==== Names of the bride, groom, their parents, and witnesses (often included are grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, great-great-grandparents)<br>Date and place of marriage (sometimes includes the time of marriage)<br>Ages of bride and groom
[[Image:The earliest Czech Trebon Church Marriage Leftbook was created in 1441 (a book of christenings from Horní Jiřetín).jpg|thumb|right]] Residence of Books have been kept to the bridepresent, groombut because of privacy laws, and their ancestors<br>Religion of the bride and groom<br>Occupation of the groom and other males listed<br>they are available for research only through 1905.
<br>=== Image Visibility ===
==== Burial entries contain: [[{{Image:Czech Trebon Church Death.jpg|thumb|right]] ====Visibility}}
Names of the deceased and spouse or parents (often included === Reading These Records === These records are grandparents, great-grandparentswritten in Czech, German and more rarely, great-great-grandparents<br>Date and place of death and burial (sometimes time of death Latin. For help reading the records see the following:*[[Czech Republic Genealogical Word List]]*[[Czech Republic Language and burial)<br>Age Languages]]*[[German Language and residence of deceased<br>Residences of other ancestors listed<br>Cause of death<br><br>Languages]]*[[Latin Genealogical Word List]]
<br>=== To Browse This Collection ==={{Collection_Browse_Link |CID=CID1472854|title=Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Trebon Archive Church Books, 1650-1900|}}
== How to Use What Can These Records Tell Me? ==The information in these records usually include the Record =following:{{col-begin|width=75%}}{{col-break}}'''Baptism''' *Names of the child, parents, and witnesses or godparents (often :included grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, :great-great-grandparents) *Date and place of birth and baptism (sometimes includes the :time of birth and baptism) *Residence and religion of the parents and other direct-line ancestors *Occupation of the father and other males listed *Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate{{col-break}}'''Marriage'''*Names of the bride, groom, their parents, and witnesses (often :included grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, :great-great-grandparents) *Date and place of marriage (sometimes includes the time :of marriage) *Ages of bride and groom *Residences of the bride, groom, and their ancestors *Religion of the bride and groom *Occupation of the groom and other males listed{{col-break}}'''Burial''' *Names of the deceased and spouse or parents (often included :grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, :great-great-grandparents) *Date and place of death and burial (sometimes time of death :and burial) *Age and residence of deceased *Residences of other ancestors listed *Cause of death{{col-end}}
== Collection Content ===== Sample Images ===<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="4">Image:Czech church books are the best source for identifying ancestors from the Trebon Church Baptism.jpg|1805 Baptism RecordImage:Czech Trebon Church Marriage Right.jpg|1836 Church Marriage RightImage:Czech RepublicTrebon Church Marriage Left. So many relatives are listed in these books that you may be able to create a miniature pedigree chart for almost each entry in a church bookjpg|1836 Church Marriage LeftImage:Czech Trebon Church Death. jpg|1833 Church Death Record</gallery>
== Related Websites How Do I Search This Collection? ==
This section of === View the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki Images ===View images in this collection by supplying links to related websites here. visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1472854|Browse Page|access=browse}}'''
== Related Wiki Articles<br> ==# Select '''Religion'''# Select '''Place: Subordinate Places'''# Select '''Event and Volume Year Range''' to view the images
[https://wiki=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match.familysearchThis may require viewing multiple records or images.org/en/Czech_Republic_Church_Records Czech Republic Church Records Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log] ].
== Sources What Do I Do Next? ===== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===*Copy down all the information from the record. Save or print a copy of the image if possible*Cite the record. See below for help citing records in this collection*Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information *Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each spouse to find a couple's birth records and parents' names *Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records *Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records *Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual *Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This Collection ==can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify *When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
"=== I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now? ===*Consult the [[Czech RepublicRecord Finder]] to find other records*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or military records*When looking for an individual with a common name, Southern Bohemialook at all the search results before deciding which is the correct person. Use other information, Třeboň Archive church recordssuch as place of birth, age, 1650-1900occupation," databaseor names of parents, FamilySearch; from Statni oblastni Archiv vto help with this decision *Try variations of given names and surnames. TreboniA person might have been listed under a middle name, Trebonnickname, Czech Republic."Church Booksor abbreviation of their given name *Vary the search terms." Czech RepublicFor example, Southern Bohemia, Třeboň Archive church expand the date range or search by either the given name or surname to return a broader list search results*Search the records." <br>of nearby locations
===Research Helps = How to Cite Your Sources ==The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the [[Czech Republic Genealogy|Czech Republic]].* [[Czech Republic Record Finder|Record Finder]]* [[Czech Republic Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]==Known Issues=={{HR KI}}== Citing This Collection ==Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
''Instructions for citing this source can be found at: [[How_to_Cite_FamilySearch_Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]''{{Collection_Published}}
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