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**<ref>Wikipedia Collaborators, "ARTICLE NAME," In ''Wikipedia: The territory was first seen by Europeans in 1520 during Ferdinand MagellanFree Encyclopedia's expedition', WEBSITE LINK. He named the area Land of Smokes but it was later changed to Land of Fire, as he saw what were probably the fires produced by the local Amerindian peoples for heatingVisited DATE. </ref> ==Departments== {| style="border:0; width:45%"|-| style="vertical-align:top"| In 1828 *[[Antártida Argentina established a penal colony at Puerto Luis on the Falkland Islands. In 1833 the British sent a naval task force to request that the Argentine representative of the islands, José María PinedoTierra del Fuego, and Argentine forces leave the islandsAntártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, and re-established their rule there.<br>Argentina Genealogy|Antártida Argentina]]The Selk'nam*[[Islas del Atlántico Sur, or OnaTierra del Fuego, who traditionally placed great value on amiabilityAntártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, were the island's most numerous native people until their numbers were reduced by disease and genocide in the 19th and 20th centuries.Argentina Genealogy|Islas del Atlántico Sur]]The southern part of the Beagle Channel was an issue of conflict between both states*[[Río Grande, which competed for control of three small islandsTierra del Fuego, PictonAntártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, Lennox and Nueva. Finally in 1977, these were awarded to Chile by decision of the mediating British Crown, revised by Pope John Paul II and ratified by treaty in 1985.Argentina Genealogy|Río Grande]]When the crews of sailing-ships were told of the notoriously dangerous voyage round the tip of South America*[[Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego became a byword in Europe for an inhospitable land, where life would be impossibly harsh for settlers.<br> Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, Argentina Genealogy|Ushuaia]]It was not until 1990 that the "National Territory of *[[Tolhuin, Tierra del Fuego, the Antarctic and the South Atlantic Islands" was declared a province. Its first governor was appointed two years later.<br>Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, Argentina Genealogy|Tolhuin]]|}[]
== Getting started with research in Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur ==
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