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Guide to '''Vizcaya Province ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
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| style="padding-right:0px"|[[Image:SP Locator Map Spain Vizcaya.png|thumb|<center>Vizcaya Province</center>]]|}<br>Guide to '''Vizcaya province ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records. {{Click|Image:Spain ORP.png|<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[Spain Online Genealogy Records}}]]</span>|<span class="community_button">[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups|Ask the <br>Community]]</span></div>|}<br>
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'''Most of your genealogical research for Vizcaya will be in two main record types: civil registration and church records. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.'''
== History ==
“Vizcaya” is the denomination in Biscay (Spanish, recommended by the Royal Spanish Academy. It : ''Vizcaya'') is also the Spanish denomination used in the Spanish version a province of the Constitution Spain and was included in the Spanish version of the Statute of Autonomy newly created Autonomous Community of the Basque Country.History.Biscay has been inhabited since the Middle Paleolithic, as attested by the archaeological remains and cave paintings found in its many caves.The title to the lordship was inherited by Iñigo López(Spanish: ''País Vasco''s descendants until, by inheritance, ) in 1370 it passed to John I of Castile. It became one of 1979 along with the titles of the king provinces of Castile. Since then it remained connected to the crown, first to that of Castile Álava and then, from Charles I, to that of Spain, as ruler of the Crown of CastileGipuzkoa. It was conditioned lies on the lord swearing to defend and maintain the Biscayan laws which affirmed that the possessors south shore of the sovereignty Bay of the lordship were the Biscayans and that, at least in theory, they could refute the lordBiscayIn The provincial capital is the modern ages commerce on took great importance, specially for the Port city of Bilbao, to which the kings granted privileges in 1511 for trade with the ports of the Spanish Empire. Bilbao was already the main Castilian harbour, from where wool was shipped to Flanders, and other goods were imported.The coastal towns had a sizable fleet of their own, mostly dedicated to fishing and tradeprovince is divided into 111 municipalities. Along with other Basque towns of Gipuzkoa and Labourd<ref>Wikipedia contributors, they were largely responsible for the partial extinction of North Atlantic right whales in the Bay of "Biscay. After the Napoleonic wars, Biscay" ''Wikipedia, along with the other Basque provincesThe Free Encyclopedia'', were threatened to have their self-rule cut by the now Liberal Spanish Corteshttps://en. Together with opposing factions that supported different parties for the throne, this desire to maintain foral rights contributed to the successive Carlist Warswikipedia. The Biscayan government and other Basque provinces supported Carlos Vorg/wiki/Biscay (accessed September 21, who represented an autocratic monarch who would preserve tradition2020).</ref>
During the Second Spanish Republic, the Basque Nationalist Party governed the province. When the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, Biscay supported the Republican side against Francisco Franco's army and fascist ideology. Soon after, the Republic acknowledged a statute of autonomy for the Basque Country. Due to fascist control of large parts of it, the first short-lived Basque Autonomous Community had power only over Biscay and a few nearby villages.As the fascist army advanced westward from Navarre, defenses were planned and erected around Bilbao, called the Iron Belt. But the engineer in charge, José Goicoechea, defected to the fascists, causing the unfinished defenses to be of little value.Under the dictatorship of Franco, Biscay and Gipuzkoa were declared "traitor provinces" because of their opposition and stripped of any sort of self-rule. Only after Franco's death in 1975 was democracy restored in Spain. The 1978 constitution accepted the particular Basque laws and in 1979 the Statute of Guernica was approved whereupon Biscay, Araba and Gipuzkoa formed the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country with its own parliament. During this recent democratic period, Basque Nationalist Party candidates have consistently won elections in Biscay. ==Place Names==
The population of When conducting research in Vizcaya is roughly 1,159you will find on many websites that the town names are written in Basque,639 peoplenot in Spanish.<ref>Wikipedia Collaborators, "Vizcaya," In ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'', https://enThere is a tool that will help you convert the town names and give you a link to the FamilySearch Catalog entry for the Catholic Church parish records.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biscay. Visited 17 October 2017[[Vizcaya_Town_Names|Click here]]to visit the tool.</ref>
==Civil Registration==
*Some ''municipios'' (towns/cities) may have civil registration records beginning as early as 1837. Some of them have been microfilmed and/or digitized by FamilySearch.<br>
*Larger cities may have multiple civil registration districts, and smaller towns may have their own civil registration office, or belong to an office of a nearby town. To determine the political jurisdiction for the town where your ancestors came from, please see the [[Spain Gazetteers|'''Spain Gazetteers''']] article. <br>
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'''Here are several different approaches to obtaining these certificates:''' <br>
:*Check or cash for the search fee (usually about $10.00).
'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/imagesimg_auth.php/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]'''<br>
== Catholic Church Records ==
*[http://dokuklik.snae.org '''Dokuklik:'''] Has online parish indexes for the three provinces of the Basque Coutnry - Alava, Guipúzcoa, and Vizcaya.
*[http://www.antzinako.org '''Antzinako:'''] A site for the Basque region of Spain with some records extracted. The record collections are not complete.
*'''1501-1900''' - [https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10729/spain-bilbao-diocese-catholic-parish-records-1501-1900?utm_source=organic_blog&utm_medium=blog&utm_campaign=supersearch&tr_funnel=supersearch&tr_country=US&tr_creative=oct19historicalrecords&utm_content=oct19historicalrecords Spain, Bilbao Diocese, Catholic Parish Records, 1501-1900] - index and images
===2. Microfilmed Records From the Family History Library===
:'''([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp '''postal code''']), (city), Vizcaya'''
:'''Spain'''
<br>
*[http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp '''Find the Spain postal code here.''']
When requesting information, send the following:<br>
*Money for the search fee, usually $10.00, and an international reply coupon (IRC)
*Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
*Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
*Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)
*Request for a photocopy of the complete original record
<br>'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/imagesimg_auth.php/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]]'''
==Reading the Records==
:*{{LearningCenter2|206|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 2'''}}
:*{{LearningCenter2|207|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 3'''}}
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*Detailed instructions for reading Spanish records, examples of common documents, and practice exercises for developing skills in translating them can be found in the [[Spanish Records Extraction Manual|'''Spanish Records Extraction Manual.''']]
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/home.aspx '''The Spanish Documents Script Tutorial'''] also provides lessons and examples.<br>
 ==== Tips for finding your ancestor in the records ====
Effective use of church records includes the following strategies.
*If earlier generations are not in the record, '''search neighboring parishes. '''
== References ==<references />
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