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| start_year = 1865
| end_year = 1872
| alt_flag = Flag_of_the_United_State_(1863-1865).png
| alt_flag_desc = US Flag 1863-1865 (35 stars)
| micro_pub_nr = M742
| micro_pub_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m742.pdf Selected Series of Records Issued by the Commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872]
| NAID = 434
| language =
| FS_URL_01 = [[GuidedResearch:United States|United States Guided Research]]| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Record Finder]]| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]| FS_URL_04 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2427901?collectionNameFilter=false Records of the Assistant Commissioner] | FS_URL_02 FS_URL_05 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2427894?collectionNameFilter=false Superintendent of Education and the Division of Education Records] | FS_URL_03 FS_URL_06 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1417695?collectionNameFilter=true Freedmen’s Bank] | FS_URL_04 FS_URL_07 =[[African American Freedmen's Bureau Records]] | FS_URL_05 FS_URL_08 =[[Quick Guide to African American Records]] | FS_URL_06 FS_URL_09 =[[African American Research]] | FS_URL_07 = | FS_URL_08 = | FS_URL_09 = | FS_URL_10 = [[United States]]
| RW_URL_01 =[http://mappingthefreedmensbureau.com/ Mapping the Freedmen's Bureau]
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/summer/freedmens-bureau-records.html Freedmen's Bureau Records: An Overview]
| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/general-admin-records.pdf NARA Reference Report]
| RW_URL_04 =[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?from=fhd&dps_pid=IE6856148&from=fhd Preliminary Inventory Washington Headquarters]
| RW_URL_05 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/highlights.html NARA Selected Images of bureau records]
| RW_URL_06 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/105.html NARA Collection Description Record Group 105]
*Records of the Commissioner: Some of the records relate to offices and civilians who worked for the bureau
*Records of the Chief Disbursing Officer: Some of the records relate to the payment of claims for veterans
*Records of the [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/10478198 Land Division: ] Some collections will identify the property owner of abandoned and confiscated lands *Records of the [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/10478199 Chief Medical Officer: ] Managed the hospitals and dispensaries and the treatment of patients
*Records of the Claims Division: Helped veterans with claims for bounties, pensions and back pay
*Education Division: Worked with societies in establishing and maintaining local schools. Some records identify teachers
'''The following [[Freedmen's Bureau, Washington Headquarters, Records of the Commissioner, Inventory]] will provide additional details.'''
 
*Freedmen's Branch Office,1872-1879
*Records of the Assistant Adjutant General
*Records of the Chief Disbursing Officer
=== Related Publication ===
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/748061?availability=Family%20History%20Library Jacqueline A. Lawson. ''An index of African Americans identified in selected records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.'' Bowie, Maryland : Heritage Books, 1995. FHL 973 F2Lja]
===To Browse This Collection===
}}
== Collection Content =====Sample Images===<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner">Image:United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner (14-1400) Cover Letter DGS 7675270_105.jpg|Cover Letter Image:United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner (14-1400) Denial of Claim DGS 7675270_282.jpg|Denial of ClaimImage:United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner (14-1400) Endorsement DGS 7675270_380.jpg|Endorsement Image:United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner (14-1400) Register of Letters DGS 7675279_68.jpg|Register of Letters</gallery>  ==What Can This Collection These Records Tell Me?==
The Bureau was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads.
*Age
*Document dates
 
== Collection Content ==
===Sample Images===
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner">
Image:United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner (14-1400) Cover Letter DGS 7675270_105.jpg|Cover Letter
Image:United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner (14-1400) Denial of Claim DGS 7675270_282.jpg|Denial of Claim
Image:United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner (14-1400) Endorsement DGS 7675270_380.jpg|Endorsement
Image:United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of the Commissioner (14-1400) Register of Letters DGS 7675279_68.jpg|Register of Letters
</gallery>
== How Do I Search This Collection? ==
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
*The name of your ancestor.*The approximate age of your ancestor.*The place where your ancestor lived.*The name of the former slave owner === View the Images === View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|2431126|Browse Page|access=browse}}''':# Select '''Selected Series or Registers and Letters Received'''# Select '''NARA Roll Number - Contents''' to view the images.<br><br> {{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2431126 United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Commissioner, 1865-1872]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images. }}
'''View images in this collection by visiting === How Do I Analyze the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uriResults? ===https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/2431126/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>To Compare each result from your search the collection with what you will need know to follow this series determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link your research in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Selected Series or Registers and Letters Received"<br> ⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number - Contents" which takes you to the images<br>a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
== What Do I Do Next?==
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.
===I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now?===
*Use the information found to search for the family in census records.
*Use the information found to search for the family in church records.
*Use the information found to search for the family in land and probate records.
*Use the information found to search for the family in additional state and county records.
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For, What Now? ===
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
*Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
*Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.
{{Tip|More images are available ===I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?===*Use the information found to search for the family in census records*Use the information found to search for the family in church records*Use the information found to search for the family in land and probate records*Use the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/information found to search/catalog/2431126 United States, Freedmenfor the family in additional state and county records === I Can't Find the Person I's Bureaum Looking For, Records What Now? ===*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name*Look for variant spellings of the Commissioner, 1865-1872]names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names *Look for another index. Some catalog Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records *Search the indexes and records link to of nearby counties *Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor*Former slaves may have had used multiple referencesnames or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names === Research Helps ===The following articles will help you in your research for your family in [[United States Genealogy|the United States]]. In this case, click on * [[US Military Basic Search Strategies]]* [[Beginning United States Civil War Research]]* [[Locating a reference to find Confederate Civil War Soldier (1861–1865)]]* [[Locating a camera icon to see images.}}Union Civil War Soldier (1861-1865)]]* [[GuidedResearch:United States|United States Guided Research]]* [[United States Record Finder]]* [[United States Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
== General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records ==
== Related FamilySearch Historical Records Collection Articles ==
*[[Alabama, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Arkansas, Field Offices Records of the Freedmen's Bureau (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[District of Columbia, Freedmen's Bureau Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Georgia, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Kentucky, Freedmen's Bureau Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Louisiana, Freedmen's Bureau Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Mississippi, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Missouri, Freedmen's Bureau Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Tennessee, Freedmen's Bureau Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Texas, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Virginia, Freedmen's Bureau Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[United States Freedmen’s Branch Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Assistant Commissioner (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[United States, Records of the Superintendent of Education and of the Division of Education (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
==Citing This Collection==
 
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
;Collection Citation: {{Collection citation | text= "United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Commissioner, 1865-1872." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publications M742 and M752. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1969 and 1973.Collection_Published}}  
{{Image_Citation}}
 
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