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This wiki article describes a collection that is&nbsp;posted for free online at FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. To access the collection, see [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1472854;t=browsable;w=0;p=collectionDetails Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Trebon Archive Church Books].<br>
== Why This Record Was Created<br> ==
Church books were first created to identify those who had received church sacraments. After 1869 they were also used as an official record of vital events by civil authorities.<br>
The earliest Czech book was created in 1441 (a book of christenings from Horní Jiřetín). Books have been kept to the present, but because of privacy laws, they are available for research only through 1905.<br>
=== Population Converage<br> ===
The church books cover a majority of the population.<br>
=== Collection History<br> ===
=== Record HistoryThe edict of the Council of Trent in 1563, which mandated the creation of church books, applied to Czech congregations. Austrian emperor Joseph II issued the Edict of Toleration on October 13, 1781, which allowed Protestants, Jews, and others to keep their own church records under the supervision of the Catholic Church. Though the Protestants were allowed to keep registers starting in 1771, they were copied into Catholic registers. In 1781 Protestants continued to keep registers under Catholic supervision.<br> ===
The edict of the Council of Trent in 1563<br>Starting February 10, which mandated the creation of church books1784, applied to Czech congregations. Austrian emperor Joseph II issued required that all church birth entries include the Edict full names of Toleration on October 13both parents and all grandparents, 1781along with their towns of origin and their military conscription numbers or unique address, which allowed Protestantssuch as Plichtice č. 5 (č is an abbreviation for čislo, Jewsor "number"). The emperor also required that records be kept in Latin or German, and others to keep their own church records under the supervision of the Catholic Churchthough Czech was often used. Though the Protestants were allowed to keep registers starting in 1771Column headings, which had started around 1784 (sometimes earlier), they were copied into Catholic registers. In 1781 Protestants continued to keep registers under Catholic supervisionalso made compulsory.<br>
<br>Starting February 10, 1784, Joseph II required that all church birth entries include In 1790 the full names of both parents and all grandparents, along with their towns of origin and their military conscription numbers or unique address, such as Plichtice č. 5 Austrian government (č is an abbreviation for čislo, or "number"under which Czech records were kept). The emperor also required that records created a law requiring indexes to be kept in Latin or German, though Czech . In 1802 another law was often used. Column headings, which had started around 1784 passed requiring all older matriky (sometimes earlierchurch books), were also made compulsoryto be indexed. Only rarely are volumes not indexed.<br>
<br>In 1790 Starting in 1869, the Austrian government (under which Czech records were kept) created a law requiring indexes civil authorities took charge of the record-keeping of births, marriages, and deaths. However, individual churches continued to be keptactually record these events. In 1802 another law The official legal copy was passed requiring all older matriky (church books) kept by local officials when many of the clergy refused to be indexedperform Catholic rites for non-Catholics. Only rarely are volumes Everyone was registered under this new system, not indexed.just those appearing in Catholic or Protestant registers<br>
<br>Starting in 1869, the civil authorities took charge of the record-keeping of births, marriages, and deaths. However, individual churches continued to actually record these events. The official legal copy was kept by local officials when many of the clergy refused to perform Catholic rites for non-Catholics. Everyone was registered under this new system, not just those appearing in Catholic or Protestant registers<br><br>
== How to Use the = RecordContent<br> ===
Czech church books are the best source for identifying ancestors from the Czech Republic. So many relatives are listed in these books that you may be able to create a miniature pedigree chart for almost each entry in a church book.==== Record Description<br> ====
Entries are usually arranged in chronological order and, after 1784, in a columnar format. During certain times, one book was used to list all the baptisms, marriages, and burials for all the villages in a parish for one year. At other times each village has its own section of baptisms, marriages, and burials, which were listed chronologically. Some records are on preprinted forms, and most records include indexes.<br>
=== Record Content<br> ===Czech church records are usually in one of three languages: Czech, German, or Latin. Often, one parish consists of books written in all three. Records from one state regional archive (statní oblastní archive) may favor one or more languages. For example, records from Litoměřice are usually written in German or Latin. Records from Plzeň or Třeboň are usually written in Czech, German, and Latin equally.<br><br>
==== Record DescriptionBaptismal entries contain:[[Image:Czech Trebon Church Baptism.jpg|thumb|right]]<br> ====
Entries Names of the child, parents, and witnesses or godparents (often included are usually arranged in chronological order andgrandparents, after 1784great-grandparents, in a columnar format. During certain timesand more rarely, one book was used to list all great-great-grandparents)<br>Date and place of birth and baptism (sometimes includes the baptisms, marriages, time of birth and baptism)<br>Residence and burials for all religion of the villages in a parish for one year. At parents and other times each village has its own section direct-line ancestors<br>Occupation of baptisms, marriages, the father and burials, which were other males listed chronologically. Some records are on preprinted forms, and most records include indexes.<br>Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate<br><br>
<br>Czech church records are usually in one of three languages==== [[Image: Czech, German, or Latin. Often, one parish consists of books written in all three. Records from one state regional archive (statní oblastní archive) may favor one or more languages. For example, records from Litoměřice are usually written in German or Latin. Records from Plzeň or Třeboň are usually written in Czech, German, and Latin equallyTrebon Church Marriage Right.<br><br>jpg|thumb]] ====
==== Baptismal Marriage entries contain:[[Image:Czech Trebon Church Baptism.jpg|thumb|right|Sample of Baptism Record with translation (click to enlarge).]]<br> ====
Names of the childbride, groom, their parents, and witnesses or godparents (often included are grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, great-great-grandparents)<br>Date and place of birth and baptism marriage (sometimes includes the time of birth marriage)<br>Ages of bride and baptism)groom<br>[[Image:Czech Trebon Church Marriage Left.jpg|thumb|right]] Residence of the bride, groom, and religion their ancestors<br>Religion of the parents bride and other direct-line ancestorsgroom<br>Occupation of the father groom and other males listed<br>Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate<br><br>
==== [[Image:Czech Trebon Church Marriage Right.jpg|thumb|Sample of Trebon Church Marriage Record right half of book with translation (click to enlarge).]] ====<br>
==== Marriage Burial entries contain:<br> [[Image:Czech Trebon Church Death.jpg|thumb|right]] ====
Names of the bride, groom, their deceased and spouse or parents, and witnesses (often included are grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, great-great-grandparents)<br>Date and place of marriage death and burial (sometimes includes the time of marriagedeath and burial)<br>Ages Age and residence of bride and groomdeceased<br>[[Image:Czech Trebon Church Marriage Left.jpg|thumb|right|Sample Residences of Trebon Church Marriage left page of book with translation (click to enlarge).]] Residence of the bride, groom, and their other ancestorslisted<br>Religion Cause of the bride and groomdeath<br>Occupation of the groom and other males listed<br>
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==== Burial entries contain: [[Image:Czech Trebon Church Death.jpg|thumb|right|Sample of Trebon Church Death Record with translation (click How to enlarge).]] ==Use the Collection ==
Names of Czech church books are the best source for identifying ancestors from the deceased and spouse or parents (often included Czech Republic. So many relatives are grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, great-great-grandparents<br>Date and place of death and burial (sometimes time of death and burial)<br>Age and residence of deceased<br>Residences of other ancestors listed<br>Cause of death<br><br>in these books that you may be able to create a miniature pedigree chart for almost each entry in a church book.
== Sources of Information for this Collection<br> ==<br>
Statni oblastni Archiv v. Treboni, Trebon, Czech Republic.== Sources of Information for this Collection<br> ==
Statni oblastni Archiv v. Treboni, Trebon, Czech Republic.<br>  <br>
== Related Wiki Articles<br> ==
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Czech_Republic_Church_Records Czech Republic Church Records]
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CID1472854 Please do not erase
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