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From 1866 to the early-1890s these regiments served at a variety of posts in the southwest United States and Great Plains regions. During this period they participated in most of the military campaigns in these areas and earned a distinguished record. Thirteen enlisted men and six officers from these four regiments earned the Medal of Honor during the Indian Wars. In addition to the military campaigns, the "Buffalo Soldiers" served a variety of roles along the frontier from building roads to escorting the U.S. mail.
==== Buffalo Soldiers ====
*39th and 40th became the 25th Infantry Regiment
<br> {| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|+ '''Microfilmed Military Records Containing Records of Buffalo Soldiers and Others''' '''Available Through the Family History Library''' '''Pension Records''' |-| '''Pension Records''': records authorizing distribution of benefits of service, generally contain personal and genealogical information.&nbsp;  *'''Soldiers application:''' name, rank, place of residence, age, birth date,&nbsp;and time of service *'''Widow's application:'''&nbsp;contains the above, and her information; place of residence, maiden name, date and place of marriage and the date and place of husband's death.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *'''A Child/Heir application:''' information about both soldier and widow's death. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; | '''Record Group''' | '''NARA&nbsp;#''' | '''FHL'''  '''1st film''' | '''Number of films'''|-| ''General Index to Pensions Files, 1861-1934''.  *Arranged alphabetically by last name of the soldier. | 15 | T 288 | 540757 | 544 films|-| ''Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861-1900.''  *Arranged by unit (regiment) and there under alphabetically by the soldier's surname. '''Both the ''General'' and the ''Organization Index to Pensions ''should be searched.'''  *Rolls 705-706&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; for the 9th Calvary&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; FHL: 1726194-6 *Rolls 706-707&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; for the 10th Calvary&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FHL: 1726196 *Rolls 669-671&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;for 24th Infantry&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;FHL: 1726159-61 *Rolls 671-672&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; for 25th Infantry&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;FHL: 1726161-2 *Roll&nbsp;&nbsp; 677&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;for 38th and 39th Infantries&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FHL: 1726165-67 *Rolls 677-678&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; for&nbsp;40th Infantry&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; FHL:&nbsp;1726167-68 *Roll&nbsp;&nbsp; 678&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;for 41st Infantry&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;FHL:&nbsp;1726168 | 15 | T289 | 1725491 | 765 films|-| ''Veteran's Administration Pension Payment Cards, 1907-1933.''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  *Arranged alphbetically by surname, The Payment cards, document amounts and dates of pension payments | 15 | M850 | 1634036 | 2539 films|} <br> &nbsp;  {| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|+ '''Cavalry and Infantry Returns''' |-| The unit returns are monthly reports of the U.S. Army regiments.&nbsp;  *ContentTemplate: list the post and regiment assigned, company commanders, strength of company, list of absent, sick, arrested, and those confined to quarters or detailed to another assigment.&nbsp; | '''Record Group''' | '''NARA&nbsp;#''' | '''FHL 1st film''' | '''Number of films'''|-| ''Returns from Regular Army Cavalry Regiments, 1833-1916.''  *Rolls 87-94&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; for 9th&nbsp;Cavalry&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FHL: 1503463-5&nbsp;; 1602194-8 *Rolls 95-102&nbsp;&nbsp; for 10th Cavalry&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FHL:&nbsp;1602199-206 | 94 | M744 | 1602108 | 117 films|-| ''Returns from Regular Army Infantry Regiments, June 1821-December 1916.''  For years 1866-1869:  *Roll 293&nbsp;&nbsp; for 38th Infantry Regiment&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FHL: 1579524 *Roll 294&nbsp;&nbsp; for 39th&nbsp;Infantry Regiment&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; FHL: 1579525 *Roll 295&nbsp;&nbsp; for 40th&nbsp;Infantry&nbsp;Regiment &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;FHL: 1579526 *Roll 296&nbsp;&nbsp; for 41st&nbsp;Infantry Regiment&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;FHL: 1579527 '''*''' For years 1869-1916:  *Rolls 245-253&nbsp; for 24th Infantry Regiment&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FHL: 1579476-84 *Rolls 254-261&nbsp; for 25th Infantry Regiment&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FHL: 1579485-92 | 94 | M665 | 1579232 | 300 films|} &nbsp;  &nbsp;  {| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|+ '''Register of Enlistments''' |-| Register of Enlistments: these records document a soldier's enlistment | '''Record Group''' | '''NARA&nbsp;#''' | '''FHL&nbsp;1st film''' | '''Number of films'''|-| ''Register of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914.''  *Content:'''<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1256060871023_813" />'''description of each term of service, date of enlistment, age, occupation and personal description. *Arranged chronologically into several dates spans,then alphabetically by the first letter of the soldier's surname.&nbsp; *Soldiers that enlisted more than once will have an enlistment paper for each enlistment.<br> | 94 | M233 | 350307 | 81 films|-| ''Negro in Military Service''  <br>Another filming:&nbsp; FHL:&nbsp;&nbsp;928594-97 | ---- | M858 | <br> <br>1299300  <br> <br> | 3 films|} &nbsp;  &nbsp;  {| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|+ '''Officer Commissions''' |-| '''Officer Commissions''' | '''Record Group''' | '''NARA&nbsp;#''' | '''FHL 1st film''' | '''Number of films'''|-| ''Letters Received by the Appointment, Commission and Personal Branch, Adjutant General's Office, 1871-1894.''  This microfiche collection reproduces select files from the Adjutant General's Appointment, Commision and Personal (ACP)&nbsp;Branch Files | 94 | M1395 | Not at FHL | 1,693 fiche|-| ''Name and Subject Index to the Letters Received by the Appointment, Commission and Personal Branch of the Adjutant Generals' Office 1871-1894.'' | 94 | M1125 | 1578432 | 4 films|-| ''Letters Received by the Commission Branch of the Adjutant Generals' Office, 1863-1870.'' | 94 | M1064 | 1758472 | 478 films|} &nbsp;  <br> {| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|+ '''Post Returns''' |-| '''Military post returns '''give the units stationed at a particular post, the strength, names and duties of officers and the number of officers and soldiers absent and a record of events | '''Record Group''' | '''NARA&nbsp;#''' | '''FHL&nbsp;1st film''' | '''Number of films'''|-| ''Returns From U.S. Military Posts, 1800-1916.'' | 94 | M617 | 1663081 | 1550 films|} {| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|+ &nbsp; '''African American Military Academy''' |-| '''Miliatary Academy''' | '''Record Group''' | '''NARA&nbsp;#''' | '''FHL&nbsp;1st film''' | '''Number of films'''|-| ''Black Nominees for Application to the U.S. Military Academy 1870-1887.'' | ---- | M1002 | 1534346 | 21 films|Microfilms<br> <br> {| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|+ '''Medal of Honor''' |-| '''Medal of Honor''' | '''Record Group''' | '''NARA''' | '''FHL 1st film''' | '''Number of films'''|-| ''Documents Relating to the Military and Naval Service of Blacks Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor from the Civil War to the Spanish American War.'' | --- | M929 | 1601548 | 4 films|} <br> {| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|+ '''Court Martial''' |-| '''Court Martial'''  Contain information about proceedings or testimony of cases brought before a military court | '''Record Group''' | '''NARA&nbsp;#''' | '''FHL&nbsp;1st film''' | '''Number of films'''|-| ''Register of the Records of the Proceedings of the U.S. Army General Court-Martial 1809-1890.'' | 153 | M1105 | 1605405 | 8 films|<br> <br>
=== Spanish American War ===
{{African American|African American}}
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