Changes

Jump to navigation Jump to search
104 bytes added ,  16:53, 26 June 2014
bread crumb
A gazetteer is a dictionary of place names''[[Brazil|Brazil]] [[Image:Gotoarrow. png]] [[Brazil Gazetteers describe towns, villages, churches and states, rivers and mountains, populations, and other geographical features. They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published and often their former names. The place names are generally listed in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary.|Gazetteers]]''
Gazetteers may also provide additional information about A gazetteer is a town, such as its:* Boundaries dictionary of civil jurisdictionplace names.* Longitude Gazetteers describe towns, villages, churches and latitude.* Distances states, rivers and direction from other from cities.* Schoolsmountains, collegespopulations, and universitiesother geographical features.* Denominations They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published and number of churchesoften their former names.* Major manufacturing worksThe place names are generally listed in alphabetical order, canals, docks, and railroad stationssimilar to a dictionary.
You can use Gazetteers may also provide additional information about a gazetteer to locate the places where your family lived and to determine the civil jurisdictions over those places. For exampletown, the town of Santa Rosa de Viterbo in the state of São Paulo was created in 1910. By searching a gazetteer one can learn that after 1944 this town was named Icaturama.such as its:
*Boundaries of civil jurisdiction. *Longitude and latitude. *Distances and direction from other from cities. *Schools, colleges, and universities. *Denominations and number of churches. *Major manufacturing works, canals, docks, and railroad stations. You can use a gazetteer to locate the places where your family lived and to determine the civil jurisdictions over those places. For example, the town of Santa Rosa de Viterbo in the state of São Paulo was created in 1910. By searching a gazetteer one can learn that after 1944 this town was named Icaturama.  There may be many places in Brazil with the same or similar names. You will need to use a gazetteer to identify the specific town where your ancestor lived and the jurisdictions of the municipality, district, and state where records about him or her were kept. === Finding Place Names in the Family History Library Catalog ===
=== Finding Place Names in the Family History Library Catalog ===
Place names in the Family History Library Catalog are listed under their modern names and current municipalities and states as they existed in 1993. To find the municipality that a town is filed under in the Family History Library Catalog, you can do a
"Place Search" in the catalog at [http://www.FamilySearch.org www.FamilySearch.org]. Because of the many changes in place names, the Family History Library uses one gazetteer as the standard guide for listing places in the Family History Library Catalog. Regardless of the names a place may have had at various times, all Brazilian places are listed in the Family History Library Catalog as they are listed in:  ''Cadastro de Municípios (Survey of Municipalities''). Rio de Janeiro: Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, 1993. (FHL book 981 E5c)  Although this book is the standard used for cataloging, many items were cataloged prior to 1993, using older gazetteers; therefore, some discrepancies arise. If you cannot find a place in the catalog using the 1993 gazetteer, search an older gazetteer.  Another useful gazetteer that identifies many towns, cities, and geographical areas in Brazil and other parts of the world is found below. This gazetteer is written in English, easy to use, and available through many public libraries:
''Cadastro de Municípios (Survey The Columbia Lippincott gazetteer of Municipalitiesthe world: with 1961 supplement''). Rio de JaneiroMorningside, N.Y.: Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e EstatísticaColumbia University Press, 1993c1962. (FHL book 981 E5c910.3 C723g)
Although this book is the standard used for cataloging, many items were cataloged prior to 1993, using older gazetteers; therefore, some discrepancies arise. If you cannot find a place in the catalog using the 1993 gazetteer, search an older gazetteer.=== Modern Place Names ===
Another For some research purposes such as correspondence it is useful gazetteer that identifies many towns, cities, and geographical areas in Brazil and other parts of to learn modern jurisdictions for the world is found belowarea where your ancestor lived. This may also be helpful when finding the ancestral town on modern maps. In addition to the above gazetteer is written in English, easy to use, the following modern gazetteers may be found at large libraries and archives and available through many public librariesin the Family History Library:
''The Columbia Lippincott gazetteer Cadastro de Cartórios do Registro Civil 1981. (Survey of the world: with 1961 supplementCivil Registry Offices''). Morningside, N.Y.Rio de Janeiro: Columbia University PressInstituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, c19621982. (FHL book 910.3 C723g981 J54; film 1667140 item 1)
=== Modern Place Names ===For some research purposes such as correspondence it is useful to learn modern jurisdictions for ''Guia postal (geográfico) da República dos Estados Unidos do Brasil (Geographical Postal guide of the area where your ancestor livedRepublic of Brazil''). This may also be helpful when finding the ancestral town on modern mapsRio de Janeiro: Diretoria Geral dos Correios, 1930–1931. In addition to the above gazetteer, the following modern gazetteers may be found at large libraries and archives and in the Family History Library:2 vols (FHL book 981 E8d; film 1102988 items 2–3)
''Cadastro de Cartórios do Registro Civil 1981. Dicionário geográfico brasileiro (Survey of the Civil Registry OfficesBrazilian Geographical Dictionary''). Rio de JaneiroPorto Alegre, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e EstatísticaEditora Globo, 1966, 19821970. (FHL book 981 J54; film 1667140 item 1E5)
''Guia postal (geográfico) da República dos Estados Unidos do Brasil (Geographical Postal guide of the Republic of Brazil''). Rio de Janeiro: Diretoria Geral dos Correios, 1930–1931. 2 vols (FHL book 981 E8d; film 1102988 items 2–3)=== Historical Place Names ===
''Dicionário geográfico brasileiro (Brazilian Geographical Dictionary'')Because names and boundaries of some places have changed or no longer exist, you may need to use gazetteers, maps, or local history sources that describe places as they were known earlier. For example, there are four places in Brazil with the name João Pessoa. One of these towns was known as Porto Alegre, Brazil: Editora Globoin the state of Piauí, 1966prior to 1930. Between 1930 and 1944 it was known as Marruás, 1970but it is now known as João Pessoa. A gazetteer will help you sort this information. (FHL book 981 E5)
==Online Resources = Historical Place Names ===Because names and boundaries of some places have changed or no longer exist, you may need to use gazetteers, maps, or local history sources that describe places as they were known earlier. For example, there are four places in Brazil with the name João Pessoa. One of these towns was known as Porto, in the state of Piauí, prior to 1930. Between 1930 and 1944 it was known as Marruás, but it is now known as João Pessoa. A gazetteer will help you sort this information.
==Online Resources==
*http://www.fallingrain.com/world/BR/
[[Category:Brazil]]
1,174

edits

Navigation menu