Changes

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ohio in the Civil War

2,417 bytes added, 21 April
Prisoners of War
''[[United States of America{{breadcrumb|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  link1=[[Ohio, United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865Genealogy|U.S. Civil War]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.pngOhio]]  [[Ohio|Ohio]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  link2=[[Ohio Military Records|Ohio , MilitaryRecords]]  | link3=| link4=| link5=[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Ohio_in_the_Civil_WarOhio in the Civil War|Ohio in the Civil War]]'' }}
[[Image:{{127th Ohio Infantry}}]] <br>
=== Introduction - Ohio in the Civil War <br> ===
Ohio contributed more men as Union soldiers than any other state, except New York and Pennsylvania. Nearly 320,000 Union soldiers came from Ohio.&nbsp;It also provided greatly to the supplies of the Union Army throughout the war.<ref>Ohio in the American Civil War, a Wikipedia article, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_in_the_American_Civil_War (viewed 25 November 2010).</ref>
The following Union generals were from Ohio: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulysses_S._Grant Ulysses S. Grant], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._Sherman William T. Sherman], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_H._Sheridan Philip H. Sheridan], and several others.
{{Wikipedia|Ohio in the American Civil War}}<br>
=== Ohio Military Units ===
Most units were numbered; however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.
<br>The information in the lists of Ohio military units comes from the [httphttps://www.itd.nps.gov/cwsscivilwar/ soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier. The [http://www.ogs.org/cwc/index.php Ohio Civil War Genealogy Center] by the Ohio Genealogical Society uses the same data as the CWSS, but its search engine is much more flexible, allowing for searches by partial name and Soundex.
<br>
<center>'''Ohio Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Union Units 1st through 8th|1st-8th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Union Units 9th through 22nd|9th-22nd]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Union Units 23rd through 65th|23rd-65th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Union Units 66th through 115th|66th- 115th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Union Units 116th through 165th|116th- 165th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Union Units 166th through 200th|166th- 200th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Union Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div>
<br><br><br>
<center>'''Ohio Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Infantry Union Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Cavalry Union Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Artillery Union Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Sharpshooters Union Units|Sharp-shooters]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Union Colored Troops|Colored Troops]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Ohio Civil War Unassigned Union Units|Unassign-ed Units]]</div>
<br><br><br>
*''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Ohio'' United States. Adjutant General's Office.<ref> ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Ohio''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1965. (On 122 Family History Library films beginning with 882214.) </ref>
*Smith, Elijah Parsons. ''The diary of Elijah P. Smith.'' (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974), {{FHL|342510|item|disp=FHL film 965938 Item 3}}. For more information on service records see [[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]].
==== Union Pension Records ====
Records of Civil War soldiers were also kept by county and state officials. These include:
*''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In &amp; Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866'' (Salt Lake City, Utah, Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959-1960), {{FHL|358606|item|disp=FHL film 212908-285024}}&nbsp; <ref name="null">Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. ''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In ''Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866''. Salt Lake City, Utah, Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959-1960 . (On 365 Family History Library films beginning with 212908.)</ref>Rosters are arranged by name of regiment and give enlistment and service information about each soldier. *''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Muster In &amp; Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1861-1866, 3-Month Enlistments ''{{FHL|358930|item|disp=FHL film 213031-213039 }} <ref>Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. ''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Muster In ''Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1861-1866, 3-Month Enlistments''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959-1960. (On 9 Family History Library films beginning with 213031.)</ref> Arranged by regiment.
*''Official Roster of the Soldiers Colored Troops of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In &amp; and Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866''(Salt Lake City, 3Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1962), {{FHL|447356|item|disp=FHL film 285025-Month Enlistments'' 285030 }} <ref name="null">Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. ''Official Roster of the Soldiers Colored Troops of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In ''and Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866, 3-Month Enlistments''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959-1960. (On 9 6 Family History Library films beginning with 213031285025.) </ref>Arranged by regiment.
*''Official Roster of the Colored Troops Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In and Muster Out Rolls of the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866'' <ref>Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. ''Official Roster of the Colored Troops Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In and Muster Out Rolls of the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 19621959. (On 6 17 Family History Library films beginning with 285025195467.) </ref>The files were compiled by the Works Progress Administration in 1938. (Bethesda, Maryland&nbsp;: University Publications of America, c1993), {{FHL|678445|item|disp=FHL fiche 6118075}}
*''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866'' <ref>'Commission 'Official Roster roster of the Soldiers soldiers of the State state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866.''. Salt Lake City(Bethesda, UtahMaryland&nbsp;: Genealogical Society University Publications of UtahAmerica, 1959. (On 17 Family History Library films beginning with 195467.c1993) </ref>The files were compiled by the Works Progress Administration in 1938, {{FHL|678445|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6118075}}.
=== Rolls of Honor ===
*''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866.'' <ref>''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866.'' 12 Volumes. Akron, [Ohio]: Werner, 1886-1895. (Family History Library book 977.1 M2o; film 924017-22; fiche 6051200; index on films 195467-71.) </ref>
 
=== Prisoners of War ===
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/111623?availability=Family%20History%20Library Burials and prisoners' records,1861-1896]
=== Biographical Sketches ===
'''Books'''
*''Ohio Civil War Genealogy Journal.'' <ref>''Ohio Civil War Genealogy Journal.'' Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1997. (Family History Library book 977.1 M25oc.) </ref>This publication is devoted exclusively to Ohio and Ohioans in the Civil War. <br>
*Dee, Christine, edOhio. Roster Commission. ''Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio's in the War: The Civil War in Documentsof the Rebellion, 1861-1866.''. (AthensAkron [Ohio]&nbsp;: Ohio University PressWerner Co., 20071886-1895){{FHL|75066|item|disp=FHL Book 977.1 M2o v. <br>1-12 Digitized avaliable on-line}}
*ClarkBaker, Peter HScott. ''The Black Brigade Civil War soldiers buried in Wyandot County, Ohio&nbsp;: war of Cincinnatithe rebellion, 1861-1865.''. (New York[Ohio]&nbsp;: NY: Arno PressOhio Genealogical Society. Wyandot Tracers Chapter, 19692000). {{FHL|989275|item|disp=FHL 973 M2clBook 977. <br>126 V3b}}
*LeekeDee, RichardChristine, ed. ''A Hundred Days to Richmond: Ohio's "Hundred Days" Men in the War: The Civil Warin Documents''. (BloomingtonAthens: Indiana Ohio University Press, 19992007). <br>
*McPhersonClark, James MPeter H. ''Battle Cry The Black Brigade of Freedom: The Civil War EraCincinnati''. (New York, : NY: Oxford University Arno Press, 19881969). <br>FHL 973 M2cl.
*Leeke, Richard. ''A Hundred Days to Richmond: Ohio's "Hundred Days" Men in the Civil War''. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999). *McPherson, James M. ''Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era''. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1988). *Reid, Whitelaw. ''Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers''. (Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895). {{FHL|678500|item}} Volume 1 on fiche 6118088 (12 fiche); Volume 2 on fiche 6118089 (11 fiche) <br>and (Bethesda, Maryland&nbsp;: University Publications of America, c1993) {{FHL|678500|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6118088 and Fiche 6118089}}
*Roseboom, Eugene H. ''The Civil War Era: 1850-1873''. (Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944). <br>
*Stevens, A. Parsons. ''The Military History of Ohio: its Border Annals, its Part in the Indian wars, in the War of 1812, in the Mexican War, and in the War of the Rebellion: Giving a Roster of Ohio's Rank and File ... in the War of the Rebellion, Regimental Histories, with Histories of its G.A.R. and Ladies' Auxillary Posts, and Camps of Sons of Veterans''. (New York: H. H. Hardesty, 1886, c1885). 316 p. Warren County Edition. {{FHL|678564|item|disp=FHL fiche 6118091}} (6 fiche) ==== Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) ==== Grand Army of the Republic founded in 1866 - 1956, was the largest veteran’s organization in the country after the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization members were veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutler Service who served in the American Civil War. The group supported voting rights for black veterans, and lobbied the U.S. Congress to establish veterans' pensions. In 1890 the membership was 490,000.  In 1888 there were 654 posts and 41,486 members in the state of Ohio  [http://suvcw.org/garposts/oh.pdf GAR Posts in the State of Ohio]  The FamilySearch Catalog list records of the [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Ohio+Grand+Army+of+the+Republic&prekeyword=Ohio+Grand+Army+of+the+Republic Ohio Grand Army of the Republic]. ==== Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War ==== With the death of the last member of the Grand Army of the Republic the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War was formed.  <br>
=== References ===
Moderator, Reviewer, editor, pagecreator, Administrators
13,856
edits

Navigation menu