Information icon.png The FamilySearch Research Wiki will be down for maintenance on Sunday, Sept. 27, at 11:59 pm until Monday, Sept 28, 4:00 am EDT.

Scotland Census, 1851 - FamilySearch Historical Records

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Scotland

Access the Records
Scotland Census, 1851
CID2028673
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Scotland
Flag of Scotland.png
Flag of Scotland
Scotland in United Kingdom.svg.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1851
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
The National Archives, Kew, Surrey and New Register House, Edinburgh


What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801. This guide covers censuses of Scotland enumerated on 31 March 1851.

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish. Some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. The information was recorded in columns on two pages that face each other. Information is recorded in entries that cover two facing pages. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page.

The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.

The Registrar General created the national censuses of the British population. However, the actual gathering of information was usually done by the Home Office of each county with assistance from the county sheriff. The census was completed in one day, then the census books were sent to the Registrar General’s office in London. Almost all of the residents of Scotland are included in the census.

The Registrar General created censuses for several reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.

The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.

For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

  • Name
  • Age
  • Birth place
  • Occupation
  • Relationships to the head of the household for each person
  • Sometimes the birth country for people born outside of England

  • Household ID
  • Registration District
  • Piece/Folio
  • Affiliate publication number
  • County
  • Birth year (estimated)

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample of indexed information.

Field Data
Name John Abercrombie
Event Type Census
Event Date 1851
Event Place Kincardine Oneil, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Enumeration District 5
Address Linn of Dee
Gender Male
Age 29
Occupation Weaver
Birthplace Aberdeenshire
Relationship to Head of Household Head
Household ID 12
Registration District Kincardine Oneil
Piece/Folio 6
Affiliate Publication Number 2
County Aberdeenshire
Birth Year (Estimated) 1822
Piece 183
Household Role Sex Age Birthplace
John Abercrombie Male 29 Aberdeenshire
Jane Abercrombie Female 26 Aberdeenshire
William Abercrombie Male 24 Aberdeenshire

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name and age of the person you are looking for
  • Residence
  • Names and ages of family members

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Add any new information to your records
  • Use the birth year and birth place to search for birth records
  • Look for the families of children in later census years
  • Check each census for the period in which a person lived to verify the information in any particular census year and to find additional information
  • If a spouse is listed, check their marriage record

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records
  • The information may be incorrect
  • Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker)
  • Place-names may be misspelled
  • Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census
  • Children might have taken the name of the stepfather if the mother remarried
  • The family name may have been altered after emigration from Scotland
  • You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Scotland.

Known Issues[edit | edit source]

Click here for a list of known issues with this collection.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.