Saxony (Sachsen), German Empire Genealogy
Guide to Saxony (Sachsen), German Empire ancestry, family history, and genealogy before 1945: birth records, marriage records, death records, both church and civil registration, compiled family history, and finding aids.
|Saxony (Sachsen), |
|Major Saxony (Sachsen) Record Types|
|Reading the Records|
|Additional Saxony (Sachsen)|
|Local Research Resources|
|Germany Record Types|
Historical Background[edit | edit source]
- The Kingdom of Saxony (German: Königreich Sachsen), lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany.
- The kingdom was formed from the Electorate of Saxony.
- From 1871, it was part of the German Empire.
- It became a Free state in the era of Weimar Republic in 1918 after the end of World War I.
- Its modern successor state is the Free State of Saxony.
- Several municipalities from Silesia (Schlesien) and the Province of Saxony (Sachsen Provinz) are in modern Saxony (Sachsen). See maps and Areas of Modern Saxony Annexed from Other 1871 States below.
The area of Saxony (Sachsen) in the German Empire should not be confused with "Old Saxony," the area inhabited by Saxons. “Old Saxony” corresponds roughly to the modern German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and the Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.Wikipedia
Getting Started[edit | edit source]
Getting Started with Germany Research
Links to articles on getting started with German research:
Germany Research Tools
Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:
Historical Geography[edit | edit source]
German Empire, 1871
The Kingdom of Saxony (Sachsen)
Former Kingdom of Saxony
with Annexed Areas (See List Below.)
Current state of Saxony has little change from the Kingdom of Saxony (Sachsen) during the German Empire.
Sachsen Note: "Preussen, Sachsen" is used for the Province of Saxony.
Finding Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Saxony (Sachsen)[edit | edit source]
Most of the information you need to identify you ancestors and their families will be found in two major record groups: civil registration and church records. To locate these records, follow the instructions in these Wiki articles.
1. Find the name of your ancestor's town in family history records.[edit | edit source]
Records were kept on the local level. You must know the town where your ancestor lived. If your ancestor was a United States Immigrant, use the information in the Wiki article Germany Finding Town of Origin to find evidence of the name of the town where your ancestors lived in Germany.
- Saxon Forefathers
- Stephanianer, Emigrants from Saxony: A list of emigrants can be found on page 123.
- The "Bergmann'sche Exulantensammlung": a database of religious exiles from Bohemia to Sachsen
- The Lutheran Heritage Center Museum in Altenburg, Missouri, USA
- Die Exultanten in Sachsen Genealogies of Bohemian religious refugees who fled Bohemia during and after the Counter-Reformation
- Wanderbücher 1769-1873, permissions to emigrate from Zwickau
- Wanderbücher, 1765-1868, permissions to emigrate from Chemnitz
2. Use gazetteers and/or parish register inventories to learn more important details.[edit | edit source]
Your ancestor's town might have been too small to have its own parish church or civil registration office. Find the location of the Catholic or Lutheran (Evangelical) parish that served your ancestor's locality. Find the name of the civil registration office (Standesamt) that serves your ancestor's locality. Use the Wiki article Finding Aids For German Records for step-by-step instructions.
Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. An important gazetteer, Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs, "Meyer's Gazetter" for short, details the place names of villages, towns, counties (kreise), and higher jurisdictions used at that time. In the Research Wiki, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records, the records of Germany are organized using those place names.
You can also consult Saxony (Sachsen) Parish Register Inventories to learn the Lutheran or Catholic parish that would have kept records for your town.
At the end of both World Wars, the boundaries of the states were changed dramatically, as areas of Germany were distributed among the Allied nations. Eventually, after re-unification in 1990, the states of Germany settled into what they are today. It is also necessary to understand Germany by this system, as it affects the locations of civil registration offices, archives, and mailing addresses used in correspondence searches.
3. For birth, marriage, and death records after 1 January 1876, use civil registration.[edit | edit source]
Follow the instructions in Saxony (Sachsen), German Empire Civil Registration.
4. For baptism, marriage, and death records, use church records or parish registers.[edit | edit source]
Follow the instructions in Saxony (Sachsen), German Empire Church Records.
More Research Strategies and Tools[edit | edit source]
- Germany Online Classes and Tutorials
- German Paleography Seminar - Lessons on German Handwriting
- Old German Script Transcriber (alte deutsche Handschriften): See your family names in the script of the era. Type your name or other word into the font generator tool. Click on the 8 different fonts. Save the image to your computer and use it as you work with old Germanic records.
- Finding Aids for German Records
- Research Tips and Strategies
- These printable handouts can be used for ready reference when reading German Handwriting.
- Vocabulary found on Specific Records:
- Dates, Numbers, Abbreviations:
- Miscellaneous Vocabulary:
- Fraktur Font -- Many forms and books are printed in this font.