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Russell County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Russell County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Phenix
Organized: December 18, 1832
Parent County(s): Creek Cession[1]
Neighboring Counties
Barbour  • Bullock  • Chattahoochee (GA)  • Lee  • Macon  • Muscogee (GA)  • Stewart (GA)
See County Maps
Courthouse
Russell County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Russell County Alabama.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named in honor of Colonel Gilbert C. Russell, who fought in the wars against the Creek Indians.[2] The County is located in the east central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Russell County Courthouse
501 14th St
Phenix City, Alabama 36867
Phone: 334-298-0516
Fax: 334-297-6250
Russel County Website

County Health Department has birth and death records.
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records.
Judge of Probate has marriage probate and land records.[4]

Russell County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1934 1833 1934 1832 1832 1837 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1832 Russell County was created 18 December 1832 from the Creek Cession of 1832.
  • County seat: Phenix[6]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Russell County:[7]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Russell, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Russell county cemeteries.

  • Interment.net Alabama cemetery records by county.
  • Cemetery Records of Jefferson and Walker Counties, Alabama. Salt Lake City, Utah: The Society?, 1945. Digital version at Ancestry ($). Includes Pine Grove Cemetery (Phenix City, Ala.).

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Russell County census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
184013,513
185019,54844.7%
186026,59236.0%
187021,636−18.6%
188024,83714.8%
189024,093−3.0%
190027,08312.4%
191025,937−4.2%
192027,4485.8%
193027,377−0.3%
194035,77530.7%
195040,36412.8%
196046,35114.8%
197045,394−2.1%
198047,3564.3%
199046,860−1.0%
200049,7566.2%
201052,9476.4%
Est. 201154,5729.7%

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

The FamilySearch Catalog has a collection of images of Russell County land records entitled, "Deed and mortgage records, 1833-1904; general index, 1836-1908."

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Russell County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

LeeBarbourBullockMaconMuscogee County, GAChattahoochee County, GAStewart County, GAAL RUSSELL.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Regiments. Men in Russell County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Russell County:

- 6th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H [subsequently, Company C]
- 6th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company J "Russell Volunteers" [subsequently, Company F]
- 15th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A (Cantey Rifles)
- 17th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 33rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K
- 34th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company I and K
- 37th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D
- 39th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E
- 45th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D and F

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Russell County is in District 2.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Phenix City-Russell County Library
1501 - 17th Avenue
Phenix City, Alabama 36867
Phone:334-298-8452
Website

Chattahoochee Valley Community College Library
2602 College Drive
Phenix City, Alabama 36869
Phone: 334-291-4978
Facebook
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Genealogical Society of East Alabama
P. O. Box 2892
Opelika, AL 36803
Publication: Tap Roots
Website

Russell County Historical Commission
1040 Broad Street
Phenix City, AL 36867
Phone:334-297-8225
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Russell County, Alabama Genealogy and History", http://genealogytrails.com/ala/russell/ 6/26/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Russell, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russell_County,_Alabama 6/26/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Russell County, Alabama. Page 37 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Russell County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russell_County,_Alabama, accessed 26 October 2018.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/c/cf/Igialabamals.pdf.