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Pueblo and Jicarilla Indian Agency (New Mexico)

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Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency[edit | edit source]

Pueblo and Jicarilla Apache

History[edit | edit source]

The Pueblo and Jicarilla Agency was a continuation of the Pueblo Agency, renamed in 1891 when the Jicarilla Apache Indians were transferred to that agency. This agency was abolished in 1901 when a new Jicarilla Agency was established. Jurisdiction over the Pueblo Indians was divided  between the Albuquerque and Santa Fe Indian Schools.[1]

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Some of the administrative records of the Pueblo and Jicarilla Agency are in theRocky Mountain Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Denver.

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Pueblo and Jicarilla Agency, 1882-1900, are on roll 41 of that Microcopy set[2]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617714).

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Zuni Indians in New Mexico. The Indians residing on this reservation in 1900 were under the jurisdiction of the Pueblo and Jicarilla Agency and are listed on Indian Population Schedules as District 177, Zuni Reservation of the Pueblo and Jicarilla Apache Reservation, in Valencia County, New Mexico.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 177.
  2. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microscopy M1070, p. 48.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clear-water Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microscopy T1105.
  • Marquette University. Guide to Catholic-Related Records in the Midwest about Native Americans.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online