Papago Indian Agency (Arizona)
The Papago Indian Agency, located in Sells, Arizona is the administrative office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs on the Tohono O'Odham Indian Reservation. Its current supervising field office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs is the Phoenix Area Office.
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency[edit | edit source]
Papago (now Tohono O'Odham)
History[edit | edit source]
There have been several agencies for the Papago Indians at various times in history. These agencies have been divided, renamed, consolidated, and reestablished by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (formerly Office of Indian Affairs).
A Papago Agency was established in 1864. In 1865 it was expanded to also include the Pima, Maricopa, and "Tame" Apache Indians and was called the Pima, Papago, and Maricopa Agency. In 1869, the agency was re-located at Sacaton, Arizona, in Pinal County, on the Gila River Reservation, and was called the Gila River Agency. From 1871 to 1876, there was a separate agency for the Papago Indians. After 1876, the Papago Indians were again assigned to an agency known as the Pima Agency, which was also responsible for the Pima and Maricopa Indians. In 1902, some of the Papago living on the San Xavier Reservation came under the San Xavier Agency. In 1917, the reservation for the Papago Indians was enlarged and in 1919, the San Xavier group of Papago Indians moved to Indian Oasis with that agency, which was renamed the Sells Agency. Some Papago remained under the Pima Agency until 1934.
Agents[edit | edit source]
R.A. Wilber (special) February 8, 1871 as agent July 23, 1872
John M. Cornyn January 22, 1875 
Records[edit | edit source]
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
Some of the records for the Papago Agency (actually for the Sells Agency for much of the time period covered by the collection) are in the Pacific Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration in Laguna Niguel, California. Among the collection there are:
- Records relating to marriages, 1902-1948
- Applications for attendance at non-reservation Indian schools, 1906-1924
- Individual Indian history cards, ca. 1908-1915
- Tribal census rolls, 1912-1940
- Birth and death registers, 1913-1936
- Death certificates, 1916-1947
- Birth certificates, 1919-1948
- School census, 1937
- Individual and family census cards
- Individual Indian draft registration cards, 1940-1945
References[edit | edit source]
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 11-12.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 173-174.
- The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
- Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online