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Oxford County, Maine Genealogy

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Guide to Oxford County, Maine ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


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Oxford County, Maine
Map
Map of Maine highlighting Oxford County
Location in the state of Maine
Facts
Founded March 4, 1805
County Seat South Paris
Courthouse
Address Oxford County Courthouse
26 Western Ave
PO Box 179
South Paris, ME 04281
Phone:. 207.743.6359
Oxford County Website


Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Lincoln, England. The County has Paris as its seat and the County was created 1805. The County is located in the west area of the state.[1]

Oxford County, Maine Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1892 1793 1892 1805 1805 1805 1790
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1892. General compliance year unknown.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

  • Town Clerks have birth, marriage and death records.
  • Clerk Courts have marriage records 1877-1897, divorce and court records from 1930, probate and land records from 1805. [3]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1805 - Created 4 March 1805 from Cumberland and York counties. [4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

MaineNew HampshireQuebecOxford CountyFranklin CountySomerset CountyAndroscoggin CountyCumberland CountyYork CountyCarroll CountyCoos CountyPorterHiramBrownfieldDenmarkFryeburgSwedenLovellStowStonehamWaterfordAlbany TownshipMason TownshipBatchelders GrantGileadRiley TownshipGrafton TownshipUptonC SurplusTownship CRichardsontown TownshipMagalloway PlantationLincoln PlantationAdamstown TownshipLower Cupsuptic TownshipParkertown TownshipLynchtown TownshipUpper Cupsuptic TownshipOxbow TownshipParmachenee TownshipBowmantown TownshipByronAndover North Surplus TownshipAndover West Surplus TownshipAndoverRoxburyNewryHanoverBethelRumfordMexicoMilton TownshipDixfieldPeruCantonHartfordSumnerWoodstockGreenwoodWest ParisNorwayParisBuckfieldHebronOxfordOtisfieldParsonsfieldCornishLimingtonStandishBaldwinSebagoNaplesBridgtonHarrisonCascoRaymondFrye IslandGorhamWindhamPortlandFalmouthLong IslandChebeague IslandCumberlandYarmouthNorth YarmouthGrayNew GloucesterPownalFreeportDurhamAuburnPolandMechanic FallsMinotLisbonLewistonGreeneTurnerLeedsLivermoreLivermore FallsJayChestervilleFarmingtonWiltonCarthageWashington TownshipPerkins TownshipTempleWeldAvonStrongNew VineyardNew PortlandFreeman TownshipSalem TownshipPhillipsTownship 6 North of Weld (formerly Berlin)Township DTownship EMadrid TownshipRangeley PlantationSandy River PlantationMount Abram TownshipKingfieldCarrabassett ValleyRedington TownshipDallas PlantationRangeleyDavis TownshipLang TownshipCoplin PlantationWyman TownshipEustisTim Pond TownshipStetsontown TownshipSeven Ponds TownshipAlder Stream TownshipJim Pond TownshipKibby TownshipChain of Ponds TownshipMassachusetts GoreLexingtonHighlandCarrying Place Town TownshipDead River TownshipBigelow TownshipFlagstaff TownshipTownship 3 R4Pierce Pond TownshipLower Enchanted TownshipTownship 3 R5King and Bartlett TownshipEffinghamOssipeeFreedomEatonMadisonConwayAlbanyHale's LocationBartlettChathamJacksonBean's PurchaseGreen's GrantMartin's LocationShelburneGorhamSuccessBerlinMilanCambridgeDummerErrolWentworth's LocationSecond College GrantDix's GrantClarksvilleAtkinson and Gilmanton Academy GrantPittsburgChartiervilleNotre-Dame-des-BoisSaint-Augustin-de-Woburn
Modern town borders in Oxford County, Maine. Towns with records are named in black. Unincorporated green places usually lack records.

Neighboring Counties

Franklin | Androscoggin | Cumberland | York | New Hampshire counties: Carroll and Coös | Quebec county: Compton |

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this census area:[7]

Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Unorganized territories
  • Milton
  • North Oxford
    • TA R1 Riley Township
    • TA R2 Grafton Township
    • Andover North Surplus
    • Andover West Surplus
    • Township C
    • C Surplus
    • T4 R1 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Richardsontown Township)
    • T4 R2 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Adamstown Township)
    • T4 R3 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Lower Cupsuptic Township)
    • T5 R3 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Parkertown Township)
    • T4 R4 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Upper Cupsuptic Township)
    • T5 R4 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Lynchtown Township)
    • T4 R5 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Oxbow Township)
    • T5 R5 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Parmachenee Township)
    • T4 R6 West of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase (Bowmantown Township)

Plantations[8]
Lincoln Plantation | Magalloway Plantation

Extinct towns and plantations'''[9]  Albany | Andover North Surplus Plantation | Batchelder's Grant Plantation | Franklin Plantation | Fryeburg Academy Grant Plantation | Grafton | Mason | Milton Plantation | Riley Plantation | Usher[10]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
USGenWeb Archives WorldCat Billion Graves
Tombstone Project
MEGenWeb
Billion Graves
See Maine Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Hatcher, Patricia Law. "My Ancestor Isn't In the Census: The 9,603 Missing Oxford County Residents In 1810," Maine Genealogist, May 1998, 65-68. Available at FHL  Article includes a chart of the towns missing from the census.

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Maine denominations, view the Maine Church Records wiki page.

Court[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Maine Land and Property for additional information about early Maine land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Oxford County, Maine Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Maine Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Oxford CountyCoos County, New HampshireQuebec, CanadaAndroscoggin CountyFranklin CountyCumberland CountyYork CountyCarroll County New HampshireME Oxford.jpg
Click a neighboring county
for more resources



Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Oxford County, Maine Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Oxford County, Maine Genealogy:

- 1st Regiment, Maine Infantry , Company G
- 1st Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry, Company G
- 5th Regiment, Maine Infantry , Company I

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Maine Newspaper Archive. Indexes Free; Digital Page Images $ (GenealogyBank $) Twenty-two early Maine 18th and 19th century newspapers, 1785-1898 online. Indexes (free); digital images ($). These newspapers are from Augusta, Bangor, Belfast, Brunswick, Castine, Eastport, Falmouth, Hallowell, Kennebunk, Portland, Saco and Wiscasset.

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Early Maine newspapers routinely reported on news, obituaries, births, marriages etc. from around the state. Be sure to search the indexes for all Maine newspapers to find your target ancestor.
Finding More Maine Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Oxford County, Maine Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Maine tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

In Maine, vital records are kept by town clerks or selectmen. Although some towns have existed since the 1650s, most vital records date from about 1700. The vital statistics are often arranged by family. For more information, see the Wiki page for the town and the Wiki page, Maine Vital Records.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Oxford County, Maine" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxford_County,_Maine."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Oxford County, Maine. Page 304-305 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 275.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Oxford County, Maine page 305, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. referer=brief_results Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  5. referer=brief_results Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  6. referer=brief_results Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Oxford County, Maine," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxford_County,_Maine, accessed 10 July 2019.
  8. For further details see Maine Plantations
  9. Before an extinct town or plantation was discontinued, it created official records of interest to genealogists. For preservation these records were usually turned over to a nearby functioning town in the same county.
  10. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 107. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.