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Ohio County, Kentucky Genealogy

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Guide to Ohio County, Kentucky ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Hartford
Organized: December 17, 1798
Parent County(s): Hardin [1]
Neighboring Counties
Breckinridge  • Butler  • Daviess  • Grayson  • Hancock  • McLean  • Muhlenberg
See County Maps
Courthouse
Ohio County Courthouse, Hartford, KY
Location Map
Ky-ohio.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for The Ohio River. The County is located in the north central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Ohio County Courthouse
Main St; PO Box 85;
Hartford, KY 42347-0085
Phone: 270-298-4422[3]
Ohio County Website

Ohio County, Kentucky Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1852 1799 1911 1799 1799 1801 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1864--A disaster destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1798--Ohio County was created 17 December 1798 from Hardin County.  
  • County seat: Hartford[5]

For animated maps illustrating Kentucky county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Kentucky County Boundary Maps" (1776-1939) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

County Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
  • Flint Springs
  • Haynesville
  • Heflin
  • Herbert
  • Highview
  • Horse Branch
  • Horton
  • Jingo
  • Ken Wye
  • Kirtley
  • Magan
  • Matanzas
  • Mt. Pleasant
  • Narrows
  • Nineteen
  • No Creek
  • Oak Grove
  • Olaton
  • Pleasant Ridge
Census-designated places


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Ohio, Kentucky online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kentucky Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites have additional information on Ohio county cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 1,223
1810 3,792 210.1%
1820 3,879 2.3%
1830 4,715 21.6%
1840 6,592 39.8%
1850 9,749 47.9%
1860 12,209 25.2%
1870 15,561 27.5%
1880 19,669 26.4%
1890 22,946 16.7%
1900 27,287 18.9%
1910 27,642 1.3%
1920 26,473 −4.2%
1930 24,469 −7.6%
1940 24,421 −0.2%
1950 20,840 −14.7%
1960 17,725 −14.9%
1970 18,790 6.0%
1980 21,765 15.8%
1990 21,105 −3.0%
2000 22,916 8.6%
2010 23,842 4.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Ohio County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Kentucky Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See Kentucky Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Kentucky denominations, view the Kentucky Church Records wiki page.

Baptist[edit | edit source]
  • Buck Creek. Church minutes and membership lists (1824-1900s) are available online. (now in McLean County)[8]
  • Panther Creek. Church minutes and membership lists (1815-1874) are available online.
  • Walton's Creek. Record of Walton's Creek Baptist Church, Ohio County, Kentucky, 1814-1914: Indexed (1982). FHL Book 976.9835 K29r.
Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints[edit | edit source]
  • Westerfield

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

More information about African American resources in Kentucky can be found on the Kentucky African Americans and the United States African Americans Wiki pages.

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

  • [Austin] Galau, Jeane K. The Austin Family of Montgomery County, Maryland and Ohio County, Kentucky: With Related Lines. 3 vols. Menasha, Wisc.: J.K. Galau, 1978-1979. Digitized by FamilySearch Digital Library: Vol. 1 | Vol. 2 | Vol. 3 - all free.
  • [Barnes] Kirk, Arthur Dale. The Barnes Family of Ohio County, Kentucky. 1943. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library - free.
  • [Render] Smith, Pearl O. Renders and Their Relatives; Joshua Render of Charles County, Maryland, and Orange County, Virginia, and His Descendants, 1720-1985. Arlington, Va.: P.O. Smith, 1985. FHL Book 929.273 R293s.
  • [Wallace] Lindsey, Richard O. House of Charles Wallace, Ohio County, Kentucky. MSS., Willard Library, Evansville, Ind. Copy: FHL Film 1481387 Item 5.

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kentucky Land and Property for additional information about early Kentucky land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Ohio County, Kentucky Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Kentucky Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Daviess CountyHancock CountyMcLean CountyBreckinridge CountyGrayson CountyEdmonson CountyButler CountyMuhlenberg CountyKY OHIO.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]

Korean War[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ohio County, Kentucky Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records are held by the Ohio County, Kentucky Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Ohio County, Kentucky Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Kentucky, Probate Records, 1792-1977 for Caldwell, Henry, Hickman, Russell and Trimble counties. See the wiki page Kentucky Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more background information and state-wide resources see the wiki page Kentucky Taxation.

  • 1800 - 1800 Tax List of Ohio County, Kentucky Genealogy is included in Clift's Second Census of Kentucky 1800,[9] digitized by Ancestry ($).

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Kentucky enacted a statute in 1852-1862 requiring registration of births and deaths,many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1874-1879, and 1892-1910 but, again, was not always followed. By 1911, the law was more clearly defined and kept by 1920. Any existing births 1852-1960 and death records 1852-1953 can be accessed online. See How to Find Kentucky Birth Records and How to Find Kentucky Death Records for links to indexes and images.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Ohio County Clerk, with divorce records 1849-1958 located with the Ohio County Circuit Court. For more information see How to Find Kentucky Marriage Records. For Kentucky divorce records see the wiki page Kentucky Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Kentucky. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Ohio County, Kentucky" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_County,_Kentucky."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio County, Kentucky page 274, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio County, Kentucky. Page 268-276 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 251-254.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Kentucky. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Voice of Dorothy Murphy (b. 1927), life-long resident of Central City, Ky. (2011)
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Ohio County, Kentucky," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_County,_Kentucky, accessed 5 September 2018.
  8. Tinsley, Harry D. "Buck Creek Baptist Churches," Ohio County Kentucky History, Blog, 30 November 2014.
  9. G. Glenn Clift, Second Census of Kentucky 1800: A Privately Compiled and Published Enumeration of Tax Payers Appearing in the 79 Manuscript Volumes Extant of Tax Lists of the 42 Counties of Kentucky in Existence in 1800 (1954; reprint, Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2005).
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/7/75/Igikentuckymz.pdf.



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