Ohio, Western Division Naturalization Records - FamilySearch Historical Records
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Ohio, Western Division naturalization records, 1906-1943
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Flag of the United States of America, 1912-1959|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Naturalization Petitions and Records|
|Record Group||RG 21: Records of District Courts of the United States|
|National Archives Identifier||1154472|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing This Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
This collection contains naturalization records from the western division of the state of Ohio, primarily from Cincinnati. Images were originally captured at the NARA Regional Archives facility in Chicago. Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.
The information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
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For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Images[edit | edit source]
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- Name of the person
- Approximate date of the event
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
When you have located your ancestor’s naturalization record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
Use naturalization records to:
- Add any new information to your records
- Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
- Confirm their date of arrival
- Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
- Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
- Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts
- An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process
- If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct
- Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby
- The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations
- You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations
- Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
- Search the naturalization records year by year
- Search the indexes of nearby counties
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Ohio.
- Ohio Guided Research
- Ohio Record Finder
- Research Tips and Strategies
- Step-by-Step Research
- Beginning Research in United States Naturalization Records
Related Family History Library Holdings[edit | edit source]
- Ohio, Hamilton, Cincinnati U.S. District Court, Southern District of Ohio, Western Division naturalization records, 1906-1966
- Ohio, Lucas, Toledo U.S. District Court, Northern District of Ohio, Western Divisions Toledo naturalization records, 1907-1950
Related FamilySearch Historical Records Collections[edit | edit source]
- Ohio, County Naturalization Records, 1800-1977
- Ohio, Northern District, Eastern Division, Naturalization Index, 1855-1967
- Ohio, Southern District Naturalization Index, 1852-1991
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]
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