Nisqually Indian Tribe

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Nisqualli Indian-Chief Leschi.jpg

Various Spellings: Nisqualli, Nisqually

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Nisqually Indian Tribe
4820 She-Nah-Num Dr.
Olympia, WA 98513
Phone: 360-456-5221

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1854 December 26,  Treaty, with the Nisqualli and Puyallup, annuities, removal, and reservation
Washington Territorial Governor: Isaac Stevens ordered Nisqually to a reservation


1857: Reservation established

1918: All reservation land east of the Nisqually River were made part of Fort Lewis

1983 and 1985: The Pacific Salmon Treaty Acts; clarify tribal fishing rights regarding salmon runs

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Nisqualli tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Agency[edit | edit source]

Puyallup Agency

Taholah Agency

Reservations[edit | edit source]

Puyallup Reservation

Squaxin Island Reservation

This tribe is primarily associated with the Nisqually Reservation in Washington.

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

The Nisqualli Tribe was under the jurisdiction of:

Washington Superintendency

Oregon Superintendency

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Agency Records[edit | edit source]

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Roll 962

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Roll 693

Roll Number




Nisqualli Puyallup Agency, 1888-1909 Seattle - - Rolls 93,302,407-09 FHL Films 579711 FHL Films 581401-581403
Nisqualli Taholah Agency,1915-39 with gaps Seattle - - Rolls 564-69 FHL Films 583023-583028

Treaty[edit | edit source]

  • 1854 December 26, with the Nisqualli and Puyallup, annuities, removal, and reservation

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]