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New Mexico Taxation

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Online Resources[edit | edit source]

Why Use Tax Records[edit | edit source]

By studying several consecutive years of tax records you may determine when a young men came of age, when individuals moved in and out of a home, or when they died leaving heirs. Authorities determined wealth (real estate, or income) to be taxed. Taxes can be for polls, real and personal estate, or schools.

Tax record content varies and may include the name and residence of the taxpayer, description of the real estate, name of original purchaser, description of personal property, number of males over 21, number of school children, slaves, and farm animals. Tax records usually are arranged by date and locality and are not normally indexed. Tax records can be used in place of missing land and census records to locate a person’s residence.

How to Use Tax Records for New Mexico[edit | edit source]

County Level[edit | edit source]

Individual counties have property tax books from 1913 to the present.

State Level[edit | edit source]

The New Mexico State Records Center and Archives holds property tax records for the entire state beginning in the 1870s and continuing, in some cases, to approximately 1929. From 1884 to 1912, these records have been microfilmed and are also retained at the New Mexico State Special Collections Library. A comprehensive list of tax record holdings, including some poll tax lists, for the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives may be accessed through online records at Online Archive of New Mexico.[2]

New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
1205 Camino Carlos Rey
Santa Fe, New Mexico 87507
Telephone: 505-476-7948
Archives & Historical Services Division

Tax money bag.jpg

Tax Laws[edit | edit source]

Abraham Lincoln instituted the income tax in 1862, and on July 1, 1862, Congress passed the Internal Revenue Act, creating the Bureau of Internal Revenue (later renamed to the Internal Revenue Service). This act was intended to “provide Internal Revenue to support the Government and to pay interest on the Public Debt.” Instituted in the height of the Civil War, the “Public Debt” at the time primarily consisted of war expenses. For the Southern States that were part of the Confederate side of the Civil War, once Union troops took over parts of the Southern States, income taxes were instituted on them. [3]

  • To learn more about the Internal Revenue Assessment Collection click here
  • To learn more about the Civil War taxes click here

References[edit | edit source]

  1. May be used for free at Family History Center. To locate a center near you, click here.
  2. Red Book
  3. Creation of the IRA

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