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Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Montgomery County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


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Montgomery County, Ohio
Map
Boundary map of Montgomery County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Courthouse
Montgomery County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Montgomery County Courthouse
451 W. 3rd St.
Dayton, Ohio 45422
Montgomery County Website



Montgomery County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1803 1866 1803 1805 1803 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Hamilton and Wayne Counties 24 March 1803.[2]
  • County Seat: Dayton

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada. It's county seat is Dayton and was founded May 1, 1803. It is located in the West area of the state.[3]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [4]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships
Historic communities
Ghost towns


Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Darke County  • Miami County  • Clark County  • Greene County  • Warren County  • Butler County  • Preble County

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Centennial Portrait and Biographical Rcord of The City of Dayton and of Mongomery County, Ohio, Frank Conover, A.W. Bowen & Co., 1897. Search inside this book at Google Books.

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com

Family History Library

Findagrave.com

Interment.net

WorldCat

Names in Stone

USGW Tombstone

Billion Graves

Billion Graves

Epodunk

OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

1820 Census of Montgomery County.  Many early residents of Montgomery County migrated north to Miami County.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints[edit | edit source]

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Dayton
Lutheran[edit | edit source]
  • Records of Hope Lutheran Church, Dayton, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).
Finding More Church Records[edit source]

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County, Ohio Online Historical Directories - identifies historical city, county, business and other directories available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Archives, Libraries, and Museums
Biographies
Church Records
Cemetery Records
Court Records
Histories
Immigration/emigration/migration
Maps
Newspapers
Societies

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Miami Valley Genealogy Index is an Index to more than a half million pointers to records all over Miami Valley including Montgomery County.

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Montgomery County, Ohio
Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed. =====Finding More Land Records===== Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:


Maps[edit | edit source]

Warren CountyGreene CountyButler CountyPreble CountyDarke CountyMiami CountyClark CountyOH MONTGOMERY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Montgomery County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Montgomery County.

- 1st Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery, a battery is like a company in an artillery regiment.
- 4th Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company H
- 113th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company I
World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers. Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Online Indexes

  • Dayton Obituaries Index - currently covers the years 1850-1890, 1903-1913, 1920-1931, 1951-1957, 1985-present. Copies of the original obituaries can be obtained from the Dayton Metro Library.


Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

  • Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (1981).  Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981).FamilySearch Digital Library - Free online copy.

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).


Online Probate Records

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at: Ohio, Montgomery County Probate Estate Files - FamilySearch Historical Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County Courthouse
41 North Perry
Dayton, OH 45422-0002
Phone: 937.225.6118

Clerk Court has divorce and court records;
Probate Judge has birth, marriage, death and
probate records; County Recorder has land records[5]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records
Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

  • 1840-2001 - Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001 at FamilySearch — index and images
  • 1908-1953 - Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953. Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Montgomery County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Montgomery County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Montgomery_County,_Ohio_Genealogy accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Montgomery County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_County,_Ohio, accessed 3 January 2019.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Montgomery County, Ohio. Page 544 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.

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