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Monroe County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Monroe County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Monroe County, Florida
Map
Map of Florida highlighting Monroe County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Facts
Founded July 3, 1823
County Seat Key West
Courthouse
FloridaMonroeCourthouse.jpg
Adopt-a-wiki page
Flgenlogo100.png This page adopted by:
The FLGenWeb Project
who welcome you to contribute.
and Jo Branch, County Coordinator
Monroe County FLGenWeb
Adopt a page today


County Information[edit | edit source]

Monroe County, Florida Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1899 1826 1899 1853 1853 1853 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Monroe County Courthouse
500 Whitehead St;
Key West, FL 33040
Phone: 305.292.3540 

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce,
probate and court and land records from 1853. [2]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1823--Monroe County was created 3 July 1823 from St. Johns County.
County seat: Key West [3]

FLGenWeb Project History of Monroe County

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for James Monroe. Key West is the county seat and the county was created July 3, 1823. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places


Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Monroe, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Monroe County cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Monroe County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.

  • 1783 Spanish Census USGenWeb
  • 1821 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1823 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1880 Census African Born Blacks and Mulattos USGenWeb
  • Federal Census Information from National Archives USGenWeb
  • State Census Information from Florida State Archives USGenWeb
  • Census of Pensioners Revolutionary Military Service USGenWeb

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.

Court[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

FLGenWeb Project Directories of Monroe Co.

1913 Burtz' Gainesville Directory 1913
1906-1907 Key West Directory 1906-1907
1912 Key West, The Old and the New 1912 Key West and Monroe County, FLorida

Immigration[edit | edit source]

Online Records

1834 - 1897 Immigration of Russians to the United States
1/12/1846 -12/31/1851 Irish Famine
1850 - 1897 Germans to the United States
1855 - 1900 Italians to the United States

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Letters[edit | edit source]

Letters Home, Monroe County, The FLGenWeb Project

Maps[edit | edit source]

Collier CountyMiami-Dade CountyFL MONROE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]
World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Korean War[edit | edit source]
Vietnam War[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Photos[edit | edit source]

Penny Postcards from Monroe Co., The FLGenWeb Project

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Monroe County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Florida State Archives, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Birth Records[edit | edit source]
Death Records[edit | edit source]
Divorce Records[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Monroe County Genealogical Society
21 Ventana Lane
Big Coppitt Key 33040


Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Surnames and Family[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Florida . Page 133-137 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 143-145.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Florida Page 136 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Florida 04/25/2017.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Florida, accessed 30 January 2019.