Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy

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Monmouth County, New Jersey ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


Monmouth County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Monmouth County
Location in the state of New Jersey, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
Location of New Jersey in the U.S.
Facts
Founded  , 1675
County Seat Freehold
Courthouse
MonmouthCountyCourtHouse.jpg
Address Monmouth County Courthouse
Main St Hall of Records
PO Box 1251
Freehold, NJ 07728
Phone: (732) 431-7324
Monmouth County Website


County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County is located in the central region of the state. It was created in 1675. Freehold is the county seat. The county was named for the historic county of Monmouthshire in Wales .[1]


Monmouth County, New Jersey Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1901 1795 1901 1785 1667 1785 1830
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1840. General compliance by 1920.

Monmouth County, New Jersey Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

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Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Monmouth County, New Jersey

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1675: part of East Jersey

1 March 1683: Created from the Colonial lands. [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

1710: boundary changed

1822: water boundary established

1844: part from Middlesex County

1850: Ocean County created from Monmouth and boundary clarified in 1851. [4]

1866: water boundary further clarified

1906: coastal boundary established

1928: part of Howell twp. to Ocean County

1939: part of Middlesex gained.

For animated maps illustrating New Jersey county boundary changes, visit "Rotating Formation New Jersey County Boundary Maps" (1683-1928) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible[edit | edit source]

  1. Monmouth County Historical Association Library, Carol Fisher Megill and Beverly Seward Yackel [5]

Biography[edit | edit source]

See also: Genealogy, History

  1. Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of the Third congressional district of New Jersey: comprising Middlesex, Monmouth and Somerset counties, together with historical sketch of each county, 1896, Samuel T. Wiley [6] [7]
  2. Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of the Third congressional district of New Jersey: comprising Middlesex, Monmouth and Somerset counties, together with historical sketch of each county, 1896, Samuel T. Wiley (FamilySearch Catalog Fiche 6046405)
  3. Book of the dead of Monmouth, (1915-1917) FamilySearch Digital Library, (FamilySearch Catalog Info)
  4. Early courts and lawyers of Monmouth County : beginning at its first settlement, and down to the last half century, 1911 (FamilySearch Catalog Film 1697650 Item 3)
  5. History of Monmouth County, New Jersey, 1885 (FamilySearch Catalog Fiche 6046349) (FamilySearch Catalog Book 974.946 H2e 1974)
  6. History of Monmouth County, New Jersey, 1664-1920 (FamilySearch Catalog Book 974.946 H2h V.1-2)

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
NJGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NJGenWeb Archives FamilySearch Places
NJTombstone Project
NJInterment
Billion Graves
See New Jersey Cemeteries for more information.

Please refer to Populated Places for cemeteries within their localities.

  1. Book of the dead of Monmouth, (1915-1917) (FamilySearch Catalog Info) Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 16,918
1800 19,872 17.5%
1810 22,150 11.5%
1820 25,038 13.0%
1830 29,233 16.8%
1840 32,909 12.6%
1850 30,313 −7.9%
1860 39,346 29.8%
1870 46,195 17.4%
1880 55,538 20.2%
1890 69,128 24.5%
1900 82,057 18.7%
1910 94,734 15.4%
1920 104,925 10.8%
1930 147,209 40.3%
1940 161,238 9.5%
1950 225,327 39.7%
1960 334,401 48.4%
1970 461,849 38.1%
1980 503,173 8.9%
1990 553,124 9.9%
2000 615,301 11.2%
2010 630,380 2.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about denominations, view the New Jersey Church Records wiki page.


Existing churches in Monmouth County, New Jersey

Contains the church records of:
  • Long Branch: Simpson Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church


List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

  1. Guardianship

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans

Black Birth Book of Monmouth County, New Jersey, 1804-1848. Office of the Monmouth County Clerk. FHL Book 974.946 V28m

McKay, Lenora Walker. The Blacks of Monmouth County : a Bicentennial tribute - [S.I]: Monmouth County Business and Professional Women's Council, 1978-F142.M7 M28

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

See also: Biography, History

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for New Jersey counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section New Jersey Local Histories.


Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Jersey Land and Property for information about New Jersey Proprietary land records. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.


Maps[edit | edit source]

Ocean CountyBurlington CountyMercer CountyMiddlesex CountyNJ MONMOUTH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War Regiments. Service men in Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy:


- 48th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company H.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Red Bank Register
The Red Bank Register is a free online historical newspaper, covering Red Bank, New Jersey and surrounding areas in Monmouth County. The following is from their website explaining publication dates and the Digitization Project.

"The Red Bank Register is captured on microfilm covering 1878 to 1964 as the Red Bank Register and 1964 to 1991 as the Daily Register. The Digitization Project was a collaborative effort between Middletown Township Public Library and the Red Bank Public Library. Because of the size of the collection, the digitization of all the microfilm was broken down into two phases. The first phase covers June 27, 1878, to December 26, 1923. The second phase covers January 2, 1924, to November 13, 1991, the final issue of the Red Bank Register."

The Independent: 1972-2000 Courtesy of the Matawan - Aberdeen Public Library

Matawan Journal
The Matawan Journal offers online access to its back issues printed from 1869 through 1973. Provided by the Matawan Aberdeen Public Library.

The Independent
The Independent offers online access to its back issues printed from March 1972 through March 2000. Provided by the Matawan Aberdeen Public Library.

Occupations[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Poorhouse, Almshouse[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Cities
Boroughs
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships


Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page New Jersey Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Obtaining Copies of County Probate Records [edit | edit source]

Copies of recorded probate records and the estate files can be obtained from the surrogate's offices for a fee. Addresses of surrogate's offices are found in: 

  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. Revised Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 D27rb 1992.) Explains state-by-state history, vital records, census, background sources, periodicals, archives, libraries, societies, maps, land, probate, court, tax, cemetery, church, and military records. Includes county boundary map and table which shows when each county was created and the parent counties.

In addition, copies of the original wills, administrations, inventories, and guardianships sent to Trenton since 1901 can be ordered from: 

Clerk of the Superior Court
Records Information Center
P.O. Box 967
Trenton, NJ 08625-0967
Phone: (609) 292-4978
Fax: (609) 777-0094 

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
New Jersey, Middlesex County Probate Records - FamilySearch Historical Records

  1. Indexes
  2. Administrators Bond
  3. Applications for Probate
  4. Inestates
  5. Inventories (guardianship)
  6. Inventories (Estates)
  7. Letters of Administration
  8. Minutes
  9. Partitions of Real Estate
  10. Petitions for Administration
  11. Real Estate bonds
  12. Receipts and Discharges
  13. Records of Wills
  14. Recorded Wills
  15. Sale of Real Estate

Online Probate Records

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]
Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Clerk has marriage records 1795-1892 and land records from 1667. County Surrogate has probate records. [9]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County Historical Association
70 Court St.
Freehold, NJ 07728
Telephone: 732-462-1466
Website

Monmouth County Historical Commission
Hall of Records, Rm 201
Freehold, NJ 07728
Telephone: 732-431-7413
Fax: 732-409-4820
E-mail:John.Fabiano@co.monmouth.nj.us
Website

Howell Historical Society
427 Lakewood-Farmingdale Road
Howell
Telephone: 732-938-2212

Keyport Historical Society
Broad Street
Keyport, NJ 07735
Telephone: 732-739-6390

Matawan Historical Society
94 Main St
Matawan, NJ 07747
Telephone: 732-566-5605

Middletown Township Historical Society
900 Leonardville Rd
Leonardo, NJ 07737
Telephone: 732-615-2260

Neptune Township Historical Society
25 Neptune Blvd.
Neptune NJ

Ocean Grove, Historical Society Of
53 Central Avenue
Ocean Grove NJ

Old Wall Historical Society
1701 New Bedford Rd
Belmar, NJ 07719
Telephone: 732-974-1430

Spring Lake Historical Society
5th and Warren Avenue
Spring Lake 07762
Telephone: 732-449-0772
Website

Shrewsbury Historical Society
419 Sycamore Ave.
Shrewsbury

Spring Lake Historical Society
5th and Warren Avenue
Spring Lake 07762
Telephone: 732-449-0772

Squan Village Historical Society
105 South Street
Manasquan, NJ 08736
Telephone: 732-223-6770
Website


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Wikipedia has more about this subject: Hudson County,  New Jersey

Schools[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

New Jersey tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page New Jersey Taxation.


Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the New Jersey Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. Original marriage records are usually held at the county Bureau of Vital Statistics.


Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

1606-1981 - New Jersey, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $

Death[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County, New Jersey Websites[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County, New Jersey Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County

Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Monmouth County, New Jersey" in Wikipedia : the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monmouth_County,_New_Jersey accessed 23 September 2018.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monmouth County, New Jersey . Page 464-465 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 460.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  5. "FamilySearch Catalog Book 974.946 D2me v. 1-2" (Freehold, New Jersey : Monmouth County Historical Association, c1990-2004).
  6. "FamilySearch Catalog Film 1425604 Item 1" (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the GSU, 1985).
  7. Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of the Third congressional district of New Jersey, comprising Middlesex, Monmouth and Somerset counties, together with an historical sketch of each county (Philadelphia: Biographical Pub. Co., 1896), [FamilySearch Catalog Film 1425604 Item 1 and Fiche 6046405 ].
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Monmouth County, New Jersey," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monmouth_County,_New_Jersey#Communities accessed 15 March 2020.
  9. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monmouth County, New Jersey page 464, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.