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Massachusetts Census

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The FamilySearch moderator for Massachusetts is Lee Drew.

Online Resources[edit | edit source]

  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.
  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Massachusetts State Censuses Online[edit | edit source]

Online Massachusetts indexes and images[edit | edit source]

1900-1940[edit source]

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Massachusetts 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
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1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


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1850-1880[edit source]

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Massachusetts 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


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1790-1840[edit source]

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Massachusetts 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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partial 1800[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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1790[8] indexes Link - Tran-
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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules[edit | edit source]

Microfilm images[edit | edit source]

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870             1790 - 1840
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850
   


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  1860 M653         1820 M33 
1930 T626 1900 T623   Soundex T1051 1850 M432 1810 M252 
1920 T625   Soundex M1567 1880 T9   Soundex T754 1840 M704 1800 M32
  1870 M593  1830 M19  1790 M637

Indexes: fiche, film, or book[edit | edit source]

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Massachusetts, click here

Federal non-population schedules[edit | edit source]

Online indexes and images[edit | edit source]

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Manufacturing - - - Link Link Link
1880 Agriculture - - - Link Link Link
1870 Social Statistics - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Manufacturing - - - Link Link Link
1870 Agriculture - - - Link Link Link
1860 Social Statistics - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Manufacturing - - - Link Link Link
1860 Agriculture - - - Link Link Link
1850 Social Statistics - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Manufacturing - - - Link Link Link
1850 Agriculture - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images[edit | edit source]

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Massachusetts


National Archives Federal Census Non-Population ScheduleMicrofilms for Massachusetts

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1820 - 1880 Census of Manufactures including agriculture, manufacturing, social statistics, mortality and delinquent classes.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book[edit | edit source]

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Massachusetts, click here.

State and colonial censuses[edit | edit source]

Massachusetts often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

State and Colonial Censuses of Massachusetts
1945 Lost[9][10]
1935 Lost</ref>[10]
1925 Lost</ref>[10]
1915 Lost</ref>[10]
1905 Lost</ref>[10]
1895 Lost</ref>[10]
1885 Lost</ref>[10]
1875 Lost</ref>[10]
1865 May 1 Exist</ref>[11][12]
1855 June 1 Exist</ref>[13][12]
1850 Lost</ref>
1840 Lost</ref>
1837 May 1 Lost</ref>

Existing and lost censuses[edit | edit source]

For a list of available and missing Massachusetts censuses, click here.

Why use a census?[edit | edit source]

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses[edit | edit source]

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Sources and footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Massachusetts federal censuses included Maine in 1790, 1800, and 1810, although Maine counties were always enumerated separately.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 57-61.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1948) [FHL Book 973 X23s; Film 982038 Item 13; Fiche 6018062], 24-29.
  11. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 57-61. Original censuses at the Massachusetts State Archives.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth, State Census, 1855–1865 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974) [FHL Films 953973+]. For online census editions see "Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Massachusetts" above.
  13. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 57-61. Originals at the Massachusetts State Archives.



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