Manitoba Census

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Online Records[edit | edit source]

Records at Ancestry.com and FindMyPast can be used free-of-charge at a Family History Center near you.

Hudson's Bay Company Census Records[edit | edit source]

The Hudson’s Bay Company Archives has census returns for the years 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833, 1835, 1838, 1840, and 1843 which are indexed.

Library and Archives Canada[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch[edit | edit source]

Ancestry.com ($)[edit | edit source]

FindMyPast ($)[edit | edit source]


My Heritage ($)[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

A census is a count and description of the population. Censuses have been taken by the colonial, provincial, and national governments of Canada for a variety of reasons, including taxation and levying for militia service.

Census records can provide family relationships, age, year of birth, description of property, religion, and place of birth. Microfilm copies are available at many repositories and through interlibrary loan. Generally, more recent censuses are more complete. They can provide information missing in other records. Use census information with caution because information (which may have been given by any family member) may be incorrect or deliberately falsified.

The national government of Canada has taken censuses every ten years since 1871 and every five years since 1971. The 1871 census covers the four original provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario. The first coast-to-coast census was taken in 1881.

Additional censuses were taken in the Prairie Provinces in 1906, 1916, 1926, and so on.

Early Censuses[edit | edit source]

1827-1856 Hudson's Bay[edit | edit source]

The pre-1870 census returns of Manitoba (Red River Settlement) list the heads of households and some other information such as, age, religion, country of birth, married or widowed, number of sons and daughters, and agricultural data (for example, the number of livestock, the number of buildings, and the number of acres under cultivation). Almost all of these censuses were taken by the Hudson’s Bay Company.

The Hudson’s Bay Company Archives has census returns for the years 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833, 1835, 1838, 1840, and 1843 which are indexed.

The Provincial Archives of Manitoba for the years 1832, 1833, 1838, 1840, 1843, 1846–1847, 1849, and 1856 (incomplete). These are available on microfilm at the National Archives of Canada and the Family History Library.

Index[edit | edit source]

1870 Census[edit | edit source]

The first census of Manitoba with names of each member of the household was taken in 1870. It includes name, age, birthplace, religion, and citizenship. There is a surname index to this census.

Indexes[edit | edit source]

Contents[edit | edit source]

These censuses list a large proportion of the population. Unfortunately, portions of some have been lost, and some geographical areas within the provinces were missed by the census takers.

The 1871 and later censuses list for each member of the household:

  • Name.
  • Age.
  • Occupation.
  • Religious affiliation.
  • Birthplace (country or province).

The 1871 and 1881 censuses list for each person:

  • Father’s origin or ethnic background.
  • The 1891 census, in addition, asks:
  • If persons are French Canadian.
  • For parents’ birthplaces.

The 1891 and later censuses ask for a person’s:

  • Relationship to head of household.

The 1901 census asks for:

  • A complete birth date, not just the year.
  • The year the person immigrated to Canada.
  • The year of naturalization.

The father’s racial or tribal origin, not whether the person was of French Canadian descent.

The 1901 and 1911 census also contains a buildings and lands schedule for each locality. This schedule gives a city street address or a farm land description—such as township and range, or township, concession, and lot number—for most families.

The 1921 Canadian Census was released to the Library and Archives Canada (LAC) on June 1st, 2013 from Statistics Canada. According to the legislation, 92 calendar years must have elapsed before the census is released to the LAC.

Prairie Censuses[edit | edit source]

The 1906 and later censuses ask for:

  • Surname
  • Given Name(s)
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Marital Status
  • Place of Birth
  • Relationship


The 1916 and 1926 added ethnic origin. The 1926 and census added year of immigration.