Maldon Poor Law Union, Essex Genealogy
History[edit | edit source]
A workhouse was built in Maldon in around 1715 under the terms of the will of Thomas Plumb (1630-1704) Archdeacon of Rochester for "erecting a workhouse for the poor of Maldon ...". Situated on Market Hill, it served the parishes of Maldon All Saints with St Peter, Essex, and Maldon St Mary, Essex and was later extended.
A workhouse is also recorded at Southminster, Essex.
The 1777 Parliamentary report includes workhouses operating at:
Burnham (for up to 24),
Maldon—St Mary (40),
Stow Maries (10),
Tolleshunt Darcy (10),
Tolleshunt Major (10),
Great Totham (20),
Little Totham (16),
Woodham Ferrers (30).
Additional subsequent workhouses can be documented at
Maldon Poor Law Union was formed on 14th December 1835.
Initially, the new union took over the existing Maldon workhouse. The buildings were enlarged with a new top floor, porch and high wall being added. It could then hold 350 men, women and children supervised by Master and Matron and school teachers.
Following the erection of the new workhouse in the 1870s, the old building was refronted, with new doors and bay windows added. It was sold at auction at Kings Head Maldon on 31 August 1875 in 2 lots: the main block and, separately, the outbuildings and school.
The building was redeveloped into houses and flats during the 1980s and now bears a commemorative plaque provided by Maldon District Council and the Maldon Society.
In 1872-3 on a five-acre site on Spital Road in Maldon, a new Maldon Union workhouse was built to accommodate 450.
After 1930, the workhouse was redesignated as a Public Assistance Institution.
After 1948, it joined the National Health Service as St Peter's Hospital. In recent times, the lodge has been used as mental illness day unit, and the converted chapel as a staff social club.
Constituent Parishes[edit | edit source]
Later Additions (all from 1883 closure of Witham Poor Law Union, Essex):
Records[edit | edit source]
Essex Record Office, Wharf Road Chelmsford CM2 6YT. Holdings include: Guardians' minutes (1835-1930); Ledgers (1835-1930); Births (1836-61); Deaths (1836-62, 1866-1914); Creed register (1900-14); Casuals' admissions and discharges (1914-25, 1932); Indoor relief lists (1839-1930)
MALDON Poor Law Union G/M W67 Admission papers to WORKHOUSE 1912-1927
G/M W66 Register of Deaths 1909-1914
G/M W65 Register of Deaths 1888-1908
G/M W64 Register of Deaths 1866-1888
G/M W63 Register of Deaths 1861-1862
G/M W62 Register of Deaths 1836-1861
G/M W61 Register of Births 1836-1861
G/M W60 Creed Register 1914-1940
G/M W59 Creed Register 1911-1914
G/M W58 Creed Register 1900-1911
G/M W56 WORKHOUSE Medical Relief Book 1874
G/M W55 WORKHOUSE Medical Relief Book 1873-1874
G/M W54 WORKHOUSE Medical Relief Book 1872-1873
G/M W53 WORKHOUSE Medical Relief Book 1872
G/M W52 WORKHOUSE Medical Relief Book 1871-1872
Transcript of register of deaths occurring in St Peter's WORKHOUSE, MALDON, 1836-1861
Gives age, parish of abode and of death
Original deposited in E.R.O. and catalogued as G/MW 62 1836-1861