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Online Gazetteers[edit | edit source]
- FamilySearch Places
- Cities, towns and villages in Latvia, sorted by Districts
- Fallingrain - Latvia Gazetteer
- Alfavitnyĭ spisok volosteĭ Lifli︠a︡nskoī gubernĭi 1887 Alfavitnyĭ spisok volosteĭ Lifli︠a︡nskoī gubernĭi 1887. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000, Digital version FamilySearch International. Language: German and Russian.
- Latvia as an Independent State Dr. Alfred Bilmanis. Latvia as an Independent State. Washington : Latvian Legation, 1947.
- World Gazetteers at Archive.org
Print Only Gazetteers[edit | edit source]
- Baltische Postorte, 1632-1917/8 Harry von Hofman. Baltische Postorte, 1632-1917/8 : in den Sprachen Russisch, Deutsch, Estnisch, Lettisch, Litauisch und Polnisch ; mit Eröffnungsdaten und Klassifikation der Postanstalten, Angabe der Leitämter, Bahnanschlüsse etc. sowie Zugehörigkeit zu den späteren Staaten Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Russland oder Polen. Hamburg, Germany c1996 - Identifies postal offices for Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania by their Russian and native names.
- Baltisches historisches Ortslexikon Hans Feldmann. Baltisches historisches Ortslexikon. Köln, Germany : Böhlau Verlag, 1985. - A German compilation for Estonia and Latvia that identifies the parish to which a place belonged. It includes parish histories. It is deficient is providing the Russian name for Baltic localities. The entries are in alphabetical order. The text is in German.
- Verzeichnis lettländischer Ortsnamen Hans Feldmann. Verzeichnis lettländischer Ortsnamen. Hamburg, Germany : Harry V. Hofmann, 1963. Language: German and Latin.
- Baltische Lande Baltische Lande. Darmstadt, Germany : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1973. Cartographic materials in German.
Why Use Gazetteers[edit | edit source]
A gazetteer is a dictionary of place-names. Gazetteers list or describe towns and villages, parishes, states, populations, rivers and mountains, and other geographical features. They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published. Within a specific geographical area, the place-names are listed in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary. You can use a gazetteer to locate the places where your family lived and to determine the civil and religious jurisdictions over those places.
There are many places within a country with similar or identical place-names. You will need to use a gazetteer to identify the specific town where your ancestor lived, the state the town was or is in, and the jurisdictions where records about the person was kept.
Gazetteer Contents[edit | edit source]
Gazetteers may also provide additional information about towns, such as:
- Different religious denominations
- Schools, colleges, and universities
- Major manufacturers, canals, docks, and railroad stations
- The population size.
- Boundaries of civil jurisdiction.
- Ecclesiastical jurisdiction(s)
- Longitude and latitude.
- Distances and direction from other from cities.
- Schools, colleges, and universities.
- Denominations and number of churches.
- Historical and biographical information on some individuals (usually high-ranking or famous individuals)