Kleinschmalkalden Parish, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia, German Empire Genealogy

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Guide to Kleinschmalkalden Parish, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia, Germany ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Geography[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Kleinschmalkalden has historically been divided by the river Schmalkalde. The part west of the river (belonging to Hesse-Nassau) was first mentioned in 1465 as "Inn der klein Schmalkalden." The east part (belonging to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha) was established after 1500. Due to the divided nature of the town it has two Protestant churches. The two parts were united on 1 October 1945. From 1945-1990 the town was known as Ludwig Pappenheims.[1][2]

Jurisdictional Changes[edit | edit source]

Kleinschmalkalden (west) has belonged to the following independent countries or post-1871 German states:


  • 1465: Brotterode district, Schmalkalden dominion, Hessen-Kassel
  • 1866: Hesse-Nassau, Prussia
  • 1945: united with the east side of town, Thuringia

Place Names[edit | edit source]

A very good gazetteer to begin with is Meyers Gazetteer. For more information, see the entry for Kleinschmalkalden.

Another essential online gazetteer to check is the Historic Gazetteer from Compgen. For more information, see the entry for Kleinschmalkalden.

Locations within Kleinschmalkalden[edit | edit source]

Surrounding Parishes[edit | edit source]

Collections[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records for this part of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau are held at the Evangelical Church Archive of Kurhessen-Waldeck in Kassel, Germany. The following records have been digitized by the website Archion. Archion requires a subscription. You can learn how to use Archion by clicking here. There are no indexes to these records. More recent records may be restricted.

Lutheran[edit | edit source]
Kleinschmalkalden (Hesse-Nassau)[edit | edit source]

Church records begin in 1626.

Kleinschmalkalden (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha)[edit | edit source]

Church records begin in 1690.

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

Civil registration for Kleinschmalkalden began in October 1874 (Hesse-Nassau) or January 1876 (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha).

Town Genealogy (OFB or Ortsfamilienbuch)[edit | edit source]

For more information about compiled genealogies, see the article Germany Town Genealogies.

Related Sources[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Evangelical Church of Kurhessen-Waldeck
Family History Society for Nassau and Frankfurt
Hessian Family History Association
Hessian State Archives
Society for Family Studies in Kurhessen and Waldeck

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Kleinschmalkalden", in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kleinschmalkalden, accessed 28 June 2021.
  2. "Kleinschmalkalden", in Evangelischer Gesamtverband Floh-Seligenthal, https://eksm.de/blog/seligenthal/?page_id=1033, accessed 28 June 2021.