Kingdom of Eswatini Languages

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Description[edit | edit source]

Eswatini is home to several languages. Native languages are Swazi, Zulu, Tsonga, Afrikaans, and English. Recent immigrant languages include Chichewa and Southern Sotho. [1]

  • Swazi - also known as Swati, SiSwati or Siswati. It has 2.5 million speakers and is taught in schools. It is an official language of Eswatini, along with English.
  • Zulu - also known as isiZulu. About 76,000 people in the country speak Zulu. [2]
  • Tsonga - also known as Xitsonga. Tsonga is spoken by about 19,000 people in Eswatini. [3]
  • Afrikaans - Afrikaans is spoken by 13,000 people in Eswatini. [4]
  • English - the medium of communication in schools and in conducting business including the press. [5]
  • Portuguese - has been introduced as a third language in the schools. [6]

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Alphabet

Pronunciation

Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Dictionaries

  • M J Whelton, SiSwati-English dictionary, Centurion [South Africa] : RedOystor Media (Pty) Ltd in partnership with Print Hub (Pty) Ltd - Swaziland, 2016 - Available at WorldCat
  • D K Rycroft, Concise siSwati dictionary : siSwati-English/English-siSwati, Pretoria : J.L. van Schaik, 1995 - Available at WorldCat
  • G R Dent & C L Sibusiso Nyembezi, Scholar's Zulu dictionary : English-Zulu, Zulu-English, Pietermaritzburg : Shuter and Shooter, 2009 - Available at WorldCat
  • James Perrin, Perrins' English-Zulu dictionary, Natal, P. Davis & Sons, 1917 - Available at WorldCat
  • R Cuenod, Tsonga-English dictionary, Braamfontein : Sasavona Publishers & Booksellers, 1991 - Available at WorldCat
  • Ch W Chatelain, Pocket dictionary : English-Tsonga, Tsonga-English, Johannesburg, S.A. : Swiss Mission in South Africa, 1960 - Available at WorldCat
  • Abel Coetzee, Dictionary Afrikaans-English, English-Afrikaans, Johannesburg u.a. : Collins, 1981 - Available at WorldCat

Online Dictionaries

Language Aids

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Eswatini," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Eswatini, accessed 7 Sep 2021.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Eswatini," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eswatini#Languages#:~:text=About%2076%2C000%C2%A0people%20in%20the%20country%20speak%20Zulu., accessed 7 Sep 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Eswatini," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eswatini#Languages#:~:text=spoken%20by%20about%2019%2C000%C2%A0people%20in%20Eswatini, accessed 7 Sep 2021.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Eswatini," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Eswatini#:~:text=Afrikaans%2C%20another%20official%20language%20of%20South%20Africa,Dutch%2C%20is%20spoken%20by%2013%2C000%C2%A0people%20in%20Eswatini., accessed 7 Sep 2021.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Eswatini," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eswatini#Languages#:~:text=English%20is%20the%20medium%20of%20communication%20in,and%20in%20conducting%20business%20including%20the%20press., accessed 7 Sep 2021.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Eswatini," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eswatini#Languages#:~:text=Portuguese%20has%20been%20introduced%20as%20a%20third%20language%20in%20the%20schools, accessed 7 Sep 2021.