Kingdom of Eswatini History

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History[edit | edit source]

The Swazi migrated into this area in the last half of the eighteenth century. The independence of the Swazi was guaranteed in 1881 and 1884 by the British government and the government of the South African Republic. From 1903 the governor of Transvaal administered the territory.

In 1968, Swaziland became independent. They changed their name to the Kingdom of Eswatini in 2018.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1881 - The autonomy of the Swaziland nation was influenced by British and Dutch rule of southern Africa in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The British government signed a convention recognizing Swazi independence despite the Scramble for Africa that was taking place at the time
1894 - A convention placed Swaziland under the South African Republic as a protectorate. This continued until the outbreak of the Second Boer War
1903 - After British victory in the Anglo-Boer war, Swaziland became a British protectorate 1906 - The Transvaal colony was granted self-government
1906 - 1968 British rule over Swaziland
2018 - King Mswati III announced that the Kingdom of Swaziland had renamed itself the Kingdom of Eswatini, reflecting the extant Swazi name for the state Eswatini, to mark the 50th anniversary of Swazi independence

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