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Jefferson County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Jefferson County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Jefferson County, Florida
Map
Map of Florida highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Facts
Founded January 6, 1827
County Seat Monticello
Courthouse
FloridaJeffersonCourthouse.jpg
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County, Florida Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1899 1840 1899 1850 1827 1850 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County Courthouse
Courthouse #10; PO Box 547;
Monticello, FL 32344
Phone: 850.342.0218

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1840,
divorce records from 1900, probate and court records from 1850
and land records from 1827. [2]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1827--Jefferson County was created 6 January 1827 from Leon County.
County seat: Monticello [3]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America. The County Seat is Monticello and the county was created August 12, 1822. The County is located in the Northwest area of the state.[4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]


Cities
Unincorporated communities
  • Alma
  • Ashville
Census-designated places
  • Lois
  • Montivilla
  • Nash
  • Thomas City


Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Brooks County, Georgia • Leon • Madison • Taylor • Thomas County, Georgia • Wakulla

Resources[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Jefferson, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Jefferson County cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Jefferson County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.

  • 1783 Spanish Census USGenWeb
  • 1821 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1823 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1880 Census African Born Blacks and Mulattos USGenWeb
  • Federal Census Information from National Archives USGenWeb
  • State Census Information from Florida State Archives USGenWeb
  • Census of Pensioners Revolutionary Military Service USGenWeb


Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Florida Territorial Land Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Jefferson County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Thomas CountyBrooks CountyMadison CountyTaylor CountyWakulla CountyLeon CountyFL JEFFERSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company A
World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Korean War[edit | edit source]
Vietnam War[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Jefferson County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

  • 1784 – 1990 FamilySearch Florida Probate Records 1784-1990
  • 1810 – 1974 Ancestry.com $ Florida Wills and Probate Records 1810-1974

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Florida State Archives, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Birth Records[edit | edit source]
Death Records[edit | edit source]
Divorce Records[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County Genealogical Society
695 East Washington Street
Monticello 32344-2546

Jefferson County Historical Association
PO Box 496
Monticello, Florida 32345
230 North Jefferson Street
Monticello, Florida 32344
Telephone: 850-997-2465
Website

Keystone Genealogical Society
PO Box 50
Monticello, FL 32344
Telephone: 904-997-3304


Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County, Florida . Page 133-137 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 143-145.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County, Florida Page 135 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Jefferson County, Florida Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/fla/jefferson/ accessed 04/25/2017.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jefferson_County,_Florida, accessed 30 January 2019.