Illinois, State Census, 1855 - FamilySearch Historical Records
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Illinois State Census, 1855
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of Illinois|
|Location of Illinois|
|Record Type||State Census|
|Illinois State Archives, Springfield|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 4 What Do I Do Next?
- 5 Citing this Collection
- 6 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The collection consists of a name index for the Illinois State Census. This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1855. The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress. The state constitution of 1848 accepted the federal decennial censuses as the basis for apportionment of representatives, but also provided for state censuses at mid-decades. As a result state censuses were conducted in 1855 and 1865. The state constitution of 1870 ended the practice of state censuses. Census returns for 1855 exist for 90 of the 100 counties. The information was handwritten on pre-printed sheets. Schedules do not exist for the following counties:
- Jo Daviess
Jo Daviess County returns for the 1855 are found in the Ancestry "Illinois, State Census Collection, 1825-1865". Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at family history centers.
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.
For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.
To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Illinois State Census, 1855.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Name of head of family
- Free white males by decennial age ranges; under 10, 10 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, etc
- Free white females by decennial age ranges; under 10, 10 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, etc
- Numbers of male and female Negros and mulattoes
- Total number in household
- Number of males eligible for duty in the militia
- Manufactories by type (for example: mill, tin shop, saddle shop) and their value
- Value of products of coal mines
- Value of live stock
- Number of pounds of wool
- Number of colleges
- Number of students
- Number of common schools
- Number of students
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- At least one other piece of information
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
View the Images[edit | edit source]
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
- Select the County
- Select the Locality to view the images
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog Illinois State Census, 1855. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
I Found the Person I was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Add any new information to your records
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date and find a birth record
- Use the ages and place of residence to locate the family in federal census records
- If they are in the militia they may have military files in the State or National Archives
- Use the information to find other records such as land and death records
- Use the information to find additional family members
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist. Try variations of your ancestor’s name
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Illinois.
Citing this Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]
|We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records/Guidelines for Articles.|
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.