Hungary Emigration and Immigration
|Hungary Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
Online Resources[edit | edit source]
- 1686-1855 Ansiedlerakten, 1686-1855, images. Card file and documents relating to settlers from Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Böhmen, Moravia to the Banat (mostly) and other regions of Hungary during the 17th-19th century.
- 1750-1805 Auswandererkartei der Deutschen nach Ungarn und Rußland, 1750-1805 (Emigration index of Germans in Hungary and Russia, 1750-1805).
- 1750-1945 Kartei der Auswanderer nach Ungarn, 1750-1945 (Index of emigrants to Hungary, 1750-1945).
- 1750-1943 Kartei der Ansiedlungsorte, 1750-1943 Index cards, the first group arranged alphabetically by village, which is cross-referenced to names of individual emigrants. Includes village name, jurisdictional unit, and province with "see" references to names of immigrants. The second group is arranged alphabetically by province or country, and by surname. Places of settlement include the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russia, Poland and Italy.
- 1750-1943 Namenskartei von Siedlern in Russland und Rücksiedler nach Deutschland, 1750-1943 Index cards, arranged alphabetically by governmental jurisdiction, village, and then surname, of German immigrants residing in Russia. Many cards provide birth and death dates, marriage dates, names of spouses, the number of children, when and from where they emigrated, and other genealogical information. A separate set, arranged alphabetically by former Russian town of residence, indicates those who moved back to Germany, but gives no information on where they eventually settled in Germany. Some cards are out of order, and include localities in Hungary, Rumania, Poland, and other countries outside of the Russian Empire and Soviet Union.
- 1792-1918 Paßregister, 1792-1918 Austro-Hungarian passports
- 1850-1934 Auswandererlisten, 1850-1934 (Hamburg passenger lists) at FamilySearch, images.
- 1850-1934 Hamburg Passenger Lists, 1850-1934 at Ancestry, ($) index and images.
- 1855-1924 Hamburg Passenger Lists, Handwritten Indexes, 1855-1934 at Ancestry, ($) images.
- Hamburg, Germany Emigrants at FindMyPast, ($) index.
- 1890-1960 Passenger Lists Leaving UK 1890-1960 at FindMyPast; index & images ($)
- 1892-1924 New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924 Search results for Hungary
- 1904-1914 Germany, Bremen Passenger Departure Lists, 1904-1914 at FamilySearch, index - How to Use This Collection
- 1904-1914 Germany, Bremen Passenger Departure Lists, 1904-1914 at MyHeritage; index & images ($); includes those with Destination of Hungary
- 1946-1971 Free Access: Africa, Asia and Europe, Passenger Lists of Displaced Persons, 1946-1971 Ancestry, free. Index and images. Passenger lists of immigrants leaving Germany and other European ports and airports between 1946-1971. The majority of the immigrants listed in this collection are displaced persons - Holocaust survivors, former concentration camp inmates and Nazi forced laborers, as well as refugees from Central and Eastern European countries and some non-European countries.
- FindMyPast Immigration & Travel Records with any event in Hungary.
- Les colonies lorraines et alsaciennes en Hongrie Lorraine and Alsatian (French) colonies in Hungary.
- Geschichte der Deutschen in den Karpathenländern History of German settlements in Eastern Europe, principally near the Carpathian Mountains. Includes the former Austrian principalities of Galicia and Bukowina, now in Czechoslovakia, Poland and the Ukraine; Romania, and Hungary.
British Overseas Records in Hungary[edit | edit source]
- British Armed Forces and Overseas Births and Baptisms, Hungary at FindMyPast, index and images, ($)
- British Armed Forces and Overseas Banns and Marriages, Hungary at FindMyPast, index and images, ($)
- British Armed Forces and Overseas Deaths and Burials, Hungary at FindMyPast, index and images, ($)
- UK, Foreign and Overseas Registers of British Subjects, 1628-1969 at Ancestry, index ($)
Finding the Town of Origin in Hungary[edit | edit source]
If you are using emigration/immigration records to find the name of your ancestors' town in Hungary, see Hungary Finding Town of Origin for additional research strategies.
Hungary Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]
"Emigration" means moving out of a country. "Immigration" means moving into a country.
Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigrating) or arriving (immigrating) in the country. These sources may be passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, or records of passports issued. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, and places of origin or birthplaces. Sometimes they also show family groups.
Immigration to Hungary[edit | edit source]
- After WWII. a major population exchange with Czechoslovakia was carried out: 71,787 or 73,200 Slovaks from Hungary were transferred to Slovakia – the exact number depends on source consulted – were resettled in South Slovakia in exhange for, according to different estimations, 45,000 or 120,000 Hungarians.
- From the 14th century, escaping from the Ottoman threat, a large number of Serbs migrated to the Hungarian Kingdom. In the 17th century, many Serb, and other Southern Slavic immigrants settled in Hungary. A new wave of Serb refugees migrated to the area around 1690, as a consequence of the Habsburg-Ottoman war. In the first half of the 18th century, Serbs and South Slavs were ethnic majority in several cities in Hungary.
- Between 1711 and 1780, German-speaking settlers immigrated to the regions of Southern Hungary, mostly region of Bánát, Bács-Bodrog, Baranya and Tolna counties, which had been depopulated by the Ottoman wars. At the end of the 18th century, the Kingdom of Hungary contained over one million German-speaking residents (collectively known as Danube Swabians). In 2011, 131,951 people declared to be German in Hungary.
- Greeksmigrated to Kingdom of Hungary from the 15th and 16th centuries. Mass migrations did not occur until the 17th century, the largest waves being in 1718 and 1760–1770. They were primarily connected to the economic conditions of the period. It is estimated that 10,000 Greeks emigrated to Hungary in the second half of the 18th century. A number of Greek Communists escaped to Hungary after the Greek Civil War.
- The town of Szentendre and the surrounding villages were inhabited by Bulgarians since the Middle Ages. However, present day Bulgarians are largely descended from gardeners who migrated to Hungary from the 18th century.
Hungarian Diaspora (Emigration From Hungary)[edit | edit source]
- Hungarian diaspora is a term that encompasses the total ethnic Hungarian population located outside current-day Hungary.
- There are two main groups of the diaspora.
- The first group includes those who are indigenous rather than descended from migrants or colonists to their homeland and live outside Hungary since the border changes of the post-World War I Treaty of Trianon of 1920. The victorious forces redrew the borders of Hungary so that it runs through Hungarian majority areas. As a consequence, 3.3 million Hungarians found themselves outside the new borders.
- The other main group is the emigrants who left Hungary at various times (such as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956).
- Hungarian immigration patterns to Western Europe increased in the 1990s and especially since 2004, after Hungary's admission in the European Union. Thousands of Hungarians from Hungary sought available work through guest-worker contracts in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Finland, Sweden, Spain and Portugal.
Distribution by Country[edit | edit source]
Neighbor countries of Hungary--Hungarians who live outside Hungary since the 1920 border changes
- Romania 1,227,623
- Slovakia 458,467
- Serbia 253,899
- Ukraine 156,600
- Austria 90,000
- Croatia 14,048
- Slovenia 10,500
Other Countries (with links to more detailed Wikipedia articles)
- United States 1,563,081 Hungarian Americans
- Canada 348,085 Hungarian Canadians
- Israel 200,000 to 250,000 Hungarian Jews
- United Kingdom 200,000 to 250,000 Hungarians in the United Kingdom
- France 200,000 to 250,000
- Germany 207,000 Hungarians in Germany
- Brazil 80,000 Hungarian Brazilians
- Russia 76,500
- Australia 69,167 Hungarian Australians
- Chile 50,000 Hungarians in Chile
- Argentina 40,000 to 50,000 Hungarian Argentines
For information on many other countries with smaller Hungarian populations, see Hungarian Diaspora, in Wikipedia.
Records of Hungarian Emigrants in Their Destination Nations[edit | edit source]
|One option is to look for records about the ancestor in the country of destination, the country they immigrated into. See links to Wiki articles about immigration records for major destination countries below. Additional Wiki articles for other destinations can be found at Category:Emigration and Immigration Records.|
- United States Emigration and Immigration
- Canada Emigration and Immigration
- Israel Emigration and Immigration
- England Emigration and Immigration
- France Emigration and Immigration
- Germany Emigration and Immigration
- Brazil Emigration and Immigration
- Russia Emigration and Immigration
- Australia Emigration and Immigration
- Chile Emigration and Immigration
- Argentina Emigration and Immigration
For links to Wiki Emigration and Immigration articles for additional countries with smaller Hungarian populations, see Category:Emigration and Immigration Records.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Demographics of Hungary", in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Hungary#Ethnic_groups_and_language, accessed 16 July 2021.
- "Hungarian Diaspora", in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_diaspora, accessed 16 July 2021.