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Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Fayette County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


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Franklin County, Ohio
Map
Boundary map of Franklin County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Courthouse
Fayette County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Fayette County Courthouse
110 East Court Street
Washington, Ohio 43160
Fayette County Website


Fayette County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1810 1867 1828 1810 1810 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Highland and Ross Counties 19 February 1810.[2]
  • County Seat: Washington Court House

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for the Marquis de Lafayette, a Frenchman who was an officer in the American Army in the Revolution. It's county seat is Washington Court House and was founded March 1, 1810. It is located in the Midsouth-central area of the state.[3]

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. Hometown Locator The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [4]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships


Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Madison County  • Pickaway County  • Ross County  • Highland County  • Clinton County  • Greene County

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1888) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1828 A courthouse fire may have damaged or destroyed some records. For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com

Family History Library

Findagrave.com

Interment.net

WorldCat

Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones


Billion Graves

Billion Graves

Epodunk

OHGenWeb
OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones



See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

Lutheran[edit | edit source]
  • Records of the American Lutheran Church, Good Hope, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).
Finding More Church Records[edit source]

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Click for the Fayette County Government Information Center.

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Marquis de Lafayette

The county is named after Revolutionary War hero, the Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834).[5]

Local histories are available for Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local History[edit | edit source]
  • Allen, Frank M., History of Fayette County, Ohio: her people, industries and institutions… (Indianapolis, Indiana : B.F. Bowen, 1914) Digital version at Google Books; Internet Archives; available on microfilm at FHL film 934896 Item 3.
  • Dills, R.S., History of Fayette County together with historic notes on the Northwest, and the state of Ohio… (Dayton, Ohio : Odell & Mayer, 1881) Digital version at Google Books; Internet Archives; available on microfilm at FHL film 934896 Item 1.
  • Putnam, Rufus Pioneer record and reminiscences of the early settlers and settlement of Fayette County, Ohio (Cincinnati, Ohio : Applegate, Pounsford & Co., 1872) Digital version at Google Books; ]; available on microfilm at FHL film 896538 Item 2.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed. =====Finding More Land Records===== Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:


Fayette County was in the Virginia Military District an area of land in what is now the state of Ohio that was reserved by Virginia to use as payment in lieu of cash for its veterans of the American Revolutionary War. Surveys were done using the metes and bounds method used in Virginia, rather than the Public Land Survey System established by the Land Ordinance of 1785 used for most of the Northwest Territory.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Greene CountyMadison CountyPickaway CountyRoss CountyHighland CountyClinton CountyOH FAYETTE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military[edit | edit source]

War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Gettys, Rober Clay, Fayette County Militia on the Ohio Frontier : War of 1812 (Belfast Northern Ireland, Gettys, 1985) pages 12  FHL Book 977.A1

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Fayette County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Fayette County.

- 54th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A, C, and I

World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.
Online Newspapers


Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

  • Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (1981).  Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981).FamilySearch Digital Library - Free online copy.

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Online Probate Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Fayette County Courthouse
110 E Court Street
Washington Court House, OH 43160-1355
Phone: 614.335.5910 

Clerk Court has divorce records from 1853
and court records from 1828; Probate Judge
has probate records; County recorder has
land records[6]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Wilmington Ohio Family History Center

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

Fayette County Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 342, Washington Court House, Ohio 43160. Publishes quarterly newsletter.

Fayette County Historical Society, 517 Columbus Avenue, Washington Court House, Ohio 43160.

Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records


Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records
Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

  • 1840-2001 - Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001 at FamilySearch — index and images
  • 1867-1908 - Fayette County Archive 1867-1908 Death Index Compiled by staff of the Carnegie Public Library, this index provides Book # and Page number information searchable by name.
  • 1908-1953 - Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953 Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch.org from the Ohio Department of Health via the Ohio Historical Society. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.
  • various years - St. Colman Church Death Records Patron-donated index of of the St. Colman Church. Searchable index.  Search results include the name, address (city and state), date of death and burial, name of cemetery, name of minister.
  • various years - Fayette County death records Courtesy OhioGenWeb

Online Death Indexes and Records

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fayette County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fayette County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  3. http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/fayette/ accessed 2/16/2017
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Fayette County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fayette_County,_Ohio, accessed 12 November 2018.
  5. "Fayette County, Ohio," Wikipedia.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fayette County, Ohio. Page 541 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.

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