England and Wales Census, 1881 - FamilySearch Historical Records
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England and Wales Census 1881
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|England and Wales|
|Flag of England|
|Flag of Wales|
|The National Archives|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Known Issues
- 7 Citing This Collection
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
This collection includes records for 1881. The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 3 April 1881.
For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images. For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.
To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for England and Wales Census, 1881.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
Census records usually contain the following information:
- Town, civil parish and church parish where census was taken
- Given names and surnames of each household member
- Relationship to head of household
- Age, gender, marital status and occupation of each household member
- Birthplace of each household member
- Physical impairments
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample of indexed information:
|Event Place||Paddington, London,Middlesex, England|
|Residence Note||Hyde Park Gar|
|Marital Status (Original)||Married|
|Relationship to Head of Household||Servant|
|Birth Year (Estimated)||1828|
|Birthplace||Linton, Cambridgeshire, England|
|Affiliate Record Type||Household|
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog England and Wales census, 1881. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Look at an image of the original record. The original may contain information that was not recorded in the index
- Use the information to find additional family members in other censuses
- If you have identified the names of the parents or the name of the spouse in the census of your ancestor, search for a marriage record for the couple
- Use the ages listed to determine an approximate birth date and to find other records such as birth, marriage, christening, and death records
- Birthplaces can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This can help you find possible relatives
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality
- Check for other names. An individual might have been listed under a middle name, a nickname, or an abbreviation of their given name
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try searching based on how the name may have been pronounced
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in England and Wales.
Known Issues[edit | edit source]
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.