General History[edit | edit source]
From their village on the Sabine River to Nacogdoches, Texas the Coushatta-Nacogdoches Trace was a trail used primarily by Coushatta Indians on trips. The large village was on the east bank of the Sabine River, opposite the mouth of Quicksand Creek. The American Indian agent in Natchitoches, Louisiana, wrote that this Coushatta village was approximately eighty miles south of Natchitoches. The combined Coushatta-Nacogdoches Trace and the Coushatta Trace went northwestward across Newton County and northern Jasper County to the Kisatchie Wold, a ridge from the Mississippi River floodplain to the lower Rio Grande valley in Texas. At this point the Coushatta Trace turned westward along the Kisatchie Wold, and continued in a northwest direction to the Coushatta-Nacogdoches Trace , across southern San Augustine County, crossing Attoyac Bayou north of its confluence with the Angelina River, and continuing to Nacogdoches. 
An 1820 map of Louisiana and Mississippi, published by H. S. Tanner of Philadelphia, shows the route of the trail from the Coushatta village on the Sabine River to Nacogdoches. The Spanish post of Nacogdoches was an important factor in the pattern of living developed by the Coushatta and Alabama Indian tribes in the Big Thicket. Nacogdoches served as governmental administration center, military post, source of supplies and presents, and a market for deer hides, bear oil, and other items sold by the Indians near Nacogdoches. The increasing significance of Coushatta contacts with this trading and distribution center led to the development of a nearly straight trail from the Coushattas' village on the Sabine to Nacogdoches. The Spanish commandant at Nacogdoches maintained a record, the Nacogdoches Diary of Daily Events, which includes references to visits of Coushattas for various purposes. 
Bioliography[edit | edit source]
- Isaac Joslin Cox, "The Louisiana-Texas Frontier," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 10, 17 (July 1906, July, October 1913). John Sibley, A Report From Natchitoches in 1807 (New York: Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, 1922)
FamilySearch Wiki Related pages[edit | edit source]
Websites[edit | edit source]
- Historic trails and roads in the United States (Wikipedia)
- COUSHATTA-NACOGDOCHES TRACE
- Howard N. Martin, "COUSHATTA-NACOGDOCHES TRACE," Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 16, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
References[edit | edit source]
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