Guide to Chumash Indians ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and other agency records.
Culture area:California Linguistic Family: Hokan
Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]
Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians
P.O. Box 517
Santa Ynez, CA 93460
100 Via Juana Lane
Santa Ynez, CA 93460
- Official Web Site of the Santa Ynez Chumash
History[edit | edit source]
The Chumas historically occupied three northern islands of the Santa Barbara, the coast of Malibu Canyon to Estero Bay, and continued inland.
The Chumash Indians are also known as the Santa Barbara Indians. Original homeland was in Santa Barbara, California area.
Only the Chumash living on the Santa Ynez Reservation are recognized by the federal government. Some regional councils are recognized by the California Native American Heritage Commission.
Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]
1772: Catholic priest built a mission in the Santa Barbara area
1834: Released from servitude to Spain
Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands[edit | edit source]
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Chumash tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.
Reservations[edit | edit source]
The Santa Ynez Reservation is located in Santa Barbara County, California. The reservation was established on December 27, 1901 authorized by the act of January 12, 1891.
Bands of the Chumash Tribe and Their Reservations[edit | edit source]
Barbareno Chumas, Cyuama Chumash, Emigdiano Chumash, Obispeno Chumash, Purisimeno Chumas, Santa Ynez Chumash, and Ventureno
Records[edit | edit source]
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
Websites[edit | edit source]
For Further Reading[edit | edit source]
- Kroeber, Alfred L. Handbook of the Indians of California. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 78, 1925. Reprint. New York City: Dover Publications, [ca 2006] WorldCat 255854981 Available online.
For background information to help find American Indian ancestors see For Further Reading.