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Chilocco Indian School

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Indians of Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Chilocco Indian School

History[edit | edit source]

Chilocco Indian School opened in 1884 with 100 students. It was built on land donated by the Cherokee Nation in 1866. The school closed in 1980. At its height, it had over 100 buildings, including a printing press, golf course, gas station, fire station, a lumber shed, granary, garages, tennis courts, swimming pool, a water tower, and several dorms. Over 18,000 students attended Chilocco between 1884 and 1980, representing 126 tribes. 5,542 received a high school diploma from Chilocco, nearly half of which came from four tribes – Cherokee, Choctaw, Navajo, and Creek.

Records[edit | edit source]

A large portion of the records of Chilocco School are deposited at the National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth). This collection includes the standard administrative records, including:

  • Lists of students, 1884-1960
  • Student case files, 1912-60

The Oklahoma Historical Society also has a sizeable amount of records in their Chilocco Indian School Collection, 1884-1980, including newspaper articles, school annuals, and some student files. At least a postion of this collection has been microfilmed and is available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah in their collection beginning with Family History Library film number 1671145. These records include:

  • Student enrollment records, 1884-1923
  • Correspondence from parents, 1899-1908

Texas Tech University at Lubbock has a collection of records for the Chilocco School, 1963-1996. This collection includes the original student rosters for the years 1968-1975, which provides such information as student names, grade level, sex, birth date, tribe, name of guardian or parent, community address, and agency.

As noted above, microfilm copies of student enrollment records and some correspondence in the holdings of both the Oklahoma Historical Society and the Ft. Worth Regional Archives are also available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Chilocco School, 1907-1937, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 18-19, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm number 1724236-37).

A census of the employees of Chilocco Indian School in 1920 is part of the regular federal census for that year. The listing is part of the listing for Newkirk Township, Kay County, Oklahoma (Enumeration District 138, Sheets 8B and 9A).

A census of the employees and pupils of Chilocco Indian Agricultural School in 1930 is part of the regular federal census for that year. The listing is part of the listing for Newkirk Township, Kay County, Oklahoma (Enumeration District #36-20, Sheets 8A thru 10B).

References[edit | edit source]

  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.

Lomawaima, K. Tsianina. They called it Prairie Light: The Story of Chilocco Indian School. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.