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Caldwell County, Texas Genealogy

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Guide to Caldwell County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


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Caldwell County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 6, 1848
County Seat Lockhart
Courthouse
Caldwell county courthouse.jpg
Address Caldwell County Courthouse
110 S Main Street
Lockhart, TX 78644
Phone: 512.398.1804
Caldwell County Website
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Mathew Caldwell, a ranger captain who fought in the Battle of Plum Creek against the Comanches and against Santa Anna's armies during the Texas Revolution. Caldwell was also a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. The County is located in the central area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage and land records from 1848 and court records;
District Clerk has divorce records[2]

County Clerk

P.O. Box 906
Lockhart 78644
Phone: 512-398-1810


District Clerk

P.O. Box 749
Lockhart 78644
Phone: 512-398-1806

Caldwell County Website


This is the third courthouse built on this site. The cornerstone was laid on August 15, 1893, and the building was completed on March 19, 1894. Built by the architectural firm of Martin, Byrnes, and Johnston, the structure features mansard roofs and a high central tower with a four-way Seth Thomas clock. The three-story edifice is built of Muldoon limestone with red Pecos sandstone trim. Although originally equipped with electricity, the courthouse had no indoor plumbing. Broom closets were later converted into restrooms. It is said that when the first water bill was received, the county judge was so shocked at the charges that he padlocked the restrooms. After a ten year effort involving hundreds of people in the county, a complete historic restoration was completed in the spring of 2000.

Caldwell County, Texas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1903 1848 1903 1848 1848 1849 1829
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1903. General compliance by the 1930s.

History[edit | edit source]

1831-1835--The first settlers received land grants from the Mexican government between 1831 and 1835.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1848--Caldwell County was created 6 March 1848 from Gonzales and Bastrop Counties.

  • County seat: Lockhart [4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns
  • Atlanta
  • Holmes
  • Mackiesville
  • Polonia
  • Rest
  • Rogers Ranch

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Bastrop  • Fayette  • Gonzales  • Guadalupe  • Hays  • Travis

Resources[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
TX Gravestones WorldCat Tombstone Project
BillionGraves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
BillionGraves Linkpendium
TXGenWeb Epodunk
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
18501,329
18604,481237.2%
18706,57246.7%
188011,75778.9%
189015,76934.1%
190021,76538.0%
191024,23711.4%
192025,1603.8%
193031,39724.8%
194024,893−20.7%
195019,350−22.3%
196017,222−11.0%
197021,17823.0%
198023,63711.6%
199026,39211.7%
200032,19422.0%
201038,06618.2%


Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.


Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.


Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Travis CountyBastrop CountyFayette CountyGonzales CountyGuadalupe CountyHays CountyTX CALDWELL.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military[edit | edit source]

Mexican-American War[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Caldwell County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Caldwell County Genealogical and Historical Society
215 S. Pecan
Luling 78648
website

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Caldwell County, Texas," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caldwell_County,_Texas. accessed 07/30/2019
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caldwell County, Texas. Page 660 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caldwell County, Texas . Page 658-677 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 655-665.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Caldwell County, Texas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caldwell_County,_Texas, accessed 26 March 2019.

 

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