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Bureau of Indian Affairs Officials

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Bureau of Indian AffairsGotoarrow.pngOfficials

Government records, personal journals, diaries, letters of government officials may lead to information about a tribe, tribal leaders and interactions between the tribe and government officials, giving details known only to those assigned official responsibilities.

Records may be located in the National Archives and its centers, Presidential Libraries, University Libraries, Historical and Genealogical Societies. Records may also be located in Agency, or Area Offices.

Administrators of United States Federal Indian Policy 1789 to the Present[edit | edit source]

In 1784 the Congress of the Confederation placed the administration of Indian affairs within the War Department, with the Secretary of War directed to place armed militia at the disposal of the Indian Commissioners "for negotiating treaties with the Indians." [1]

Secretaries of War[edit | edit source]

Secretaries Appointment President

Henry Knox 1789 George Washington
Thomas Pickering 1795 George Washington
James McHenry 1796 George Washington and John Adams
Samuel Dexter 1800 John Adams
Henry Dearborn 1801 Thomas Jefferson
William Eustis 1809 James Madison
John Armstrong 1813 James Madison
James Monroe 1814 James Madison
William H. Crawford 1815 James Madison and James Monroe
John C. Calhoun 1817 James Monroe
Thomas L. McKenney 1824-1830 (Head of BIA) James Monroe, John Q. Adams,and Andrew Jackson
James Barbour 1825 John Quincy Adams
Peter B. Porter 1828 John Quincy Adams
John H. Eaton 1829 Andrew Jackson
Samuel S. Hamilton 1830-31 (Head of BIA) Andrew Jackson
Lewis Cass 1831 Andrew Jackson

Commissioner of Indian Affairs[edit | edit source]

Commissioner Appointment President

Elbert Herring 1832 Andrew Jackson
Carey A. Harris 1836 Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren
T. Hartley Crawford 1838  Martin Van Buren, William H.  Harrison, and John Tyler
William Medill 1845& James K. Polk and  Zachary Taylor
Orlando Brown 1849 Zachary Taylor and Millard Filmore
Luke Lea 1850 Millard Fillmore
George W. Manypenny 1853 Franklin Pierce
James W. Denver 1857 James Buchanan
Charles E. Mix 1858 James Buchanan
James W. Denver 1858 James Buchanan
Alfred B. Greenwood 1859 James Buchanan
William P. Dole 1861 Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson
Dennis Cooley 1865 Andrew Johnson
Lewis V. Bogy 1866 Andrew Johnson
Nathaniel G. Taylor 1867 Andrew Johnson
Eli S. Parker 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
Francis A. Walker 1871 Ulysses S. Grant
Edward P. Smith 1873 Ulysses S. Grant
John Q. Smith 1875 Ulysses S. Grant and Rutherford B. Hayes
Ezra A. Hayt 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes
R. E. Trowbridge 1880 Rutherford B. Hayes
Hiram Price 1881 James Garfield and Chester A .Arthur
John D. C. Atkins 1885 Grover Cleveland
John H. Oberly 1888 Grover Cleveland
Thomas J. Morgan 1889 Benjamin Harrison
Daniel M. Browning 1893 Grover Cleveland
William A. Jones 1897  William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt
Francis E. Leupp 1904 Theodore Roosevelt
Robert G. Valentine 1909 William Howard Taft (link Valentine Papers at Massachusetts Historical Society)
Cato Sell 1913 Woodrow Wilson
Charles H. Burke 1921 Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge
Charles J. Rhoads 1929 Herbert Hoover
John Collier 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt
William A. Brophy 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S.Truman (link Brophy Papers Truman Library)
John R. Nichols 1949 Harry S. Truman
Dillon S. Myer 1950 Harry S. Truman (link to papers in Truman Library)
Glenn L Emmons 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Philleo Nash 1961 John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B.Johnson (lin to papers in Truman Library)
Robert L. Bennett 1966 Lyndon B. Johnson
Louis R. Bruce 1969 Richard M. Nixon
Morris Thompson 1973 Richard M. Nixon
Dr. Benjamin Reifel 1976 Gerald R. Ford

Assistant Secretaries of Interior for Indian Affairs[edit | edit source]

Assistant Secretaries Appointment President

Forrest Gerald 1977 Gerald R. Ford and Jimmy Carter
William E. Hallett 1979 Jimmy Carter
Kenneth L. Smith 1981 Ronald Reagan
Ross O. Simmer 1985 George H. Bush
Eddie Frank Brown 1989 George H. Bush
Ada E. Deer 1993 Bill Clinton
Kevin Gover 1997 Bill Clinton
James H. McDivitt (acting) 2001 Bill Clinton and George W. Bush
Neal A. McCaleb 2001 George W. Bush
Aurene M. Martin (acting) 2003 George W. Bush
Dave W. Anderson 2004 George W. Bush
Jim Cason (acting) 2005 George W. Bush
Carl J. Artman 2007 George W. Bush
George T. Skibine (acting) 2008  George W. Bush and  Barack Obama
Larry Echo Hawk 2009 Barack Obama
Donald “Del” Laverdure 2012 Barack Obama
Kevin K. Washburn 2012 Barack Obama

  1. Federal Indian Policies, from the Colonial Period through the Early 1970’s. Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S.Department of the Interior. President Richard M. Nixon and Louis R. Bruce. C. 1970

Reference[edit | edit source]

Federal Indian Policies, from the Colonial Period through the Early 1970’s. Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S.Department of the Interior. President Richard M. Nixon and Louis R. Bruce. C. 1970