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Belize Colonial Records

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Spanish Colonization (1506-1862)[edit | edit source]

In 1506, Spain explored the land that includes present-day Belize and declared it as part of the Spanish Empire. However, the indigenous population successfully fought off efforts at full-scale Spanish colonization. In the late 1700s, the Spanish granted the British the right to occupy the land in exchange for defending the country against pirates. British settlements began to arise, and in 1798 the Spanish attacked Belize in their last attempt to retain their land. Spain was defeated by the British, and in 1862 the region became an official crown colony and was renamed British Honduras.[1]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records


British Colonization (1862-1961 )[edit | edit source]

The first British permanent settlement was founded around 1716 in what became the Belize District. The Spanish granted the British settlers the right to occupy the area in exchange for their help suppressing piracy. From 1862 until 1964, the region was an official crown colony called British Honduras. By 1964, Britain was only responsible for foreign affairs, defense, and security. The country's name was changed to Belize in 1973, and in 1981 it became an independent country.[2]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records
British Armed Forces and Overseas Births and Baptisms, COUNTRY at FindMyPast - index and images ($) 1860-2005 Births and baptisms English Children born to those working within the armed forces, merchant navy, and consular forces, as well as, civilian ship passengers.
British Armed Forces and Overseas Banns and Marriages, COUNTRY at FindMyPast - index and images ($) 1949-1965 Banns and marriages English British armed forces members and civilians who were married abroad and at sea
British Armed Forces and Overseas Deaths and Burials, COUNTRY at FindMyPast - index and images ($) 1860-1998 Deaths and burials English Members of the British armed forces who died while serving their country overseas, British civilians who died while traveling or working overseas, and individuals (including seaman) who died at sea
Census of the population of the British settlement, Belize, Honduras 1816-1921 Census records English People of Belize, including slaves
Civil registration, 1881-1951 1881-1951 Civil registration English People who were born, married, or died in Belize

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Belize," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Belize_(1506–1862), accessed 23 August 2019.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Belize," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belize#As_part_of_the_British_Empire_(1862%E2%80%931981), accessed 23 Aug 2019.